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Familial parkinsonism and dementia with cortical and subcortical Lewy bodies is uncommon, and no genetic defect has been reported in the previously described sibships. We present a Spanish family with autosomal dominant parkinsonism, dementia, and visual hallucinations of variable severity. The postmortem examination showed atrophy of the substantia nigra,(More)
This is a clinicopathologic study of a prospective, clinic-based cohort of patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD)/Pick complex, who were followed to autopsy. A total of 60 patients with the clinical syndromes of the behavioural variant of FTD (FTD-bv) (n = 32), primary progressive aphasia (PPA) (n = 22), corticobasal degeneration syndrome (CBDS) (n =(More)
Eight patients with a homogeneous syndrome of progressive symmetric spinobulbar spasticity were studied. Clinical features were limited to those associated with dysfunction of the descending motor tracts and included spastic quadriparesis, pseudobulbar affect, spastic dysarthria, hyper-reflexia and bilateral Babinski signs. Lower motor neuron findings were(More)
The aim of this study was to improve the neuropathologic recognition and provide criteria for the pathological diagnosis in the neurodegenerative diseases grouped as frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD); revised criteria are proposed. Recent advances in molecular genetics, biochemistry, and neuropathology of FTLD prompted the Midwest Consortium for(More)
We present three cases of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) with Pick-variant pathology to support a hypothesis of an underlying nosologic relatedness. Neuropathologic examination demonstrated focal brain atrophy with corresponding neuronal loss and gliosis, accompanied by superficial spongiosis. Specific histologic findings were ballooned neurons (Pick(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, neuropathology, and genetic studies in a family with autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia (FTD). BACKGROUND Clinical Pick's disease, or FTD with parkinsonism, has been described in several families linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). Most of these have shown tau protein mutations. The clinical and(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is the second most common cause of presenile dementia. The predominant neuropathology is FTLD with TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) inclusions (FTLD-TDP). FTLD-TDP is frequently familial, resulting from mutations in GRN (which encodes progranulin). We assembled an international collaboration to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide evidence for the hypothesis that the corticobasal degeneration syndrome (CBDs) overlaps significantly with primary progressive aphasia and frontotemporal dementia, and that CBDs is part of the Pick complex. BACKGROUND Corticobasal degeneration has been mainly described as a movement disorder, but cognitive impairment is also(More)
Basophilic Inclusion Body Disease (BIBD) is a tau-negative form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), characterized by neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) that are visible on hematoxylin and eosin stain (HE), contain RNA, and are inconsistently ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ir). The normal nuclear expression of TDP-43 is not altered. Here we(More)
Isolated amygdalar sclerosis (AS) in the presence of an intact hippocampus has been described in a subset of patients who have undergone a temporal lobectomy for the relief of seizures. Clinical observation suggested that these patients might be distinguishable, before and after operation, from those with typical mesial temporal sclerosis, which implies(More)