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To aid general practitioners and other non-psychiatrists in the better recognition of mental illness short scales measuring anxiety and depression were derived by latent trait analysis from a standardised psychiatric research interview. Designed to be used by non-psychiatrists, they provide dimensional measures of the severity of each disorder. The full set(More)
UNLABELLED Injecting drug use is the main risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in most developed countries. HCV antiviral treatment (peginterferon-α + ribavirin) has been shown to be cost-effective for patients with no reinfection risk. We examined the cost-effectiveness of providing antiviral treatment for injecting drug users (IDUs) as compared(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus antiviral treatment is effective for individual patients but few active injecting drug users are treated. We considered the utility of antiviral treatment for primary prevention of hepatitis C. METHODS A hepatitis C transmission model among injecting drug users was developed, incorporating treatment (62.5% average(More)
This paper describes the referral pathways taken by 1554 patients newly referred to the mental health services in 11 countries, and documents factors associated with delays in referral. The pathways in centres relatively well provided with psychiatric staff were dominated by general practitioners and to a lesser extent hospital doctors: the relatively less(More)
As the cohort of survivors with the single-ventricle type of congenital heart disease grows, it becomes increasingly evident that the state of chronically elevated venous pressure and decreased cardiac output inherent in the Fontan circulation provides the substrate for a progressive decline in functional status. One organ at great risk is the liver. Wedged(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and complication rate of a nonablative nonlaser light source in the treatment of rhytids. Laser resurfacing, in the treatment of facial rhytids, has involved ablative methods, with their associated complications and limitations. Rhytid improvement requires dermal collagen(More)
A substantial international study of mental disorders seen in primary care settings has shown that there are marked differences in prevalence between centres. Detection of mental disorders is better in centres using a 'personal' style of clinical service, and where there has been close collaboration between psychiatrists and general practitioners. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Although unparalleled in its efficacy, carbon dioxide (CO2) laser resurfacing has a high risk:benefit ratio. A modified device uses a novel handpiece and software to deliver nonsequential fractional ablative CO2 laser exposures. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of this fractional ablative, scanned, nonsequential CO2 laser in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cellulite is seen in more than 85% of postpubertal women. Recent studies show that bipolar radiofrequency and low-level laser devices can produce mild skin tightening of cellulite. OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to determine if a novel unipolar, more deeply penetrating, radiofrequency device can promote better skin tightening with fewer(More)
This article describes a large longitudinal multicenter collaborative study that investigated the form, frequency, course, and outcome of psychological problems that were seen in primary health care settings in 15 different sites around the world. The research employed a two-stage sampling design in which the 12-item General Health Questionnaire was(More)