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The most valuable organs of plants are often particularly rich in essential elements, but also very well defended. This creates a dilemma for herbivores that need to maximise energy intake while minimising intoxication. We investigated how the specialist root herbivore Diabrotica virgifera solves this conundrum when feeding on wild and cultivated maize(More)
In holometabolous insects reproductive success is strongly determined by the nutritional resources available to the females. In addition to nutrients derived from adult feeding, resources for egg production may come from the limited reserves accumulated during the larval stages. The pattern of allocation of these larval reserves to egg production is(More)
1. Models developed to predict behavioural and life-history decisions of parasitoids rely heavily on assumptions concerning the nature and function of the nutrients that the female obtains from the host. 2. Using a combination of colorimetric and thin-layer chromatography techniques, we analysed the composition of the host-feeding fluid consumed by the(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the extent of lipogenesis in the parasitoid Eupelmus vuilletti (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae). Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism were followed in glucose-fed and starved females over 3 days. Fed females increased their glycogen level, while maintaining their lipid level. Starved females used most of their glycogen, while(More)
The life cycles of many organisms are constrained by the seasonality of resources. This is particularly true for leaf-mining herbivorous insects that use deciduous leaves to fuel growth and reproduction even beyond leaf fall. Our results suggest that an intimate association with bacterial endosymbionts might be their way of coping with nutritional(More)
Plants and insects have been co-existing for more than 400 million years, leading to intimate and complex relationships. Throughout their own evolutionary history, plants and insects have also established intricate and very diverse relationships with microbial associates. Studies in recent years have revealed plant- or insect-associated microbes to be(More)
Feeding activity pattern in a parasitic wasp when foraging in the field Abstract Individual decision-making and behavioral plasticity, and hence reproductive success, depend on nutritional state. Despite the importance of food for life-history functions, when and how often parasitoids encounter and consume food in natural settings remain largely unknown. In(More)
Recognition of relatives is considered a key factor in the evolution of sociality as it ensures that the benefits of altruism flow to those who share the altruist's genes. However, theory predicts that genetically based recognition systems will not persist if the only selection maintaining them derives from the recognition system itself. Kin-recognition(More)
  • D Giron
  • 1986
Thermal analysis includes all methods measuring some parameter during the heating of a sample. Differential scanning calorimetry (or differential thermal analysis) where the parameter is heat flow into and out of the sample and thermogravimetry where the parameter is the weight change of the sample are of great value for the pharmaceutical industry.(More)
Kin selection theory predicts that individuals will show less aggression and more altruism towards relatives. However, recent theoretical developments suggest that with limited dispersal, competition between relatives can override the effects of relatedness. The predicted and opposing influences of relatedness and competition are difficult to approach(More)