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A quantitative, multidimensional animal model of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome is desirable for investigating individual differences in susceptibility to alcohol dependence. Following exposure to control or ethanol diets for 7 or 14 days, we measured respiration rates, body temperature, acoustic startle responses, and heart rates in Long-Sleep (LS) and(More)
Maternal genetic factors and/or fetal genetic factors contribute to variations in response to prenatal alcohol exposure. To assess the contribution of maternal genotype to ethanol teratogenesis, a reciprocal cross study was conducted in an animal model using C57BL/6J (B6) and long-sleep (LS) mice. B6 mice are more susceptible than LS mice to prenatal(More)
Research has shown variations in susceptibility to alcohol-related birth defects in humans. Genetic differences are one reason for this variability. This study compared three inbred mouse strains to determine whether they differ in their susceptibilities to ethanol teratogenesis because previous studies have generated conflicting data. Pregnant C57BL/6J(More)
An animal model was used to see if maternal genetic factors contribute to ethanol-induced fetal malformations. Susceptible C57BL/6J (B6) and resistant Short-Sleep (SS) mice were used in a reciprocal cross-breeding design. This design produced four fetal genotypes: true-bred B6B6 and SSSS liters and hybrid B6SS and SSB6 litters. Dams were intubated with(More)
Both maternal and fetal genetic factors influence variations in response to prenatal ethanol exposure. To assess the effect of maternal genotype on the incidence of ethanol teratogenesis, a reciprocal cross study was conducted in an animal mode using the relatively susceptible C57BL/6J (B6) and the relatively resistant DBA/2J (D2) inbred mice. This mating(More)
The most precise determination of the neutron lifetime using the beam method was completed in 2005 and reported a result of τ(n)=(886.3±1.2[stat]±3.2[syst]) s. The dominant uncertainties were attributed to the absolute determination of the fluence of the neutron beam (2.7 s). The fluence was measured with a neutron monitor that counted the neutron-induced(More)
Choristomas, masses of normal tissues in aberrant locations, contain smooth muscle fibers and fibrous tissues. We describe the MR imaging features of two choristomas located in the internal auditory canals and arising from the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves. Both lesions enhanced with contrast material. In one case, enhancement was seen in the(More)
Previous work from this and other laboratories has demonstrated that the vasoconstrictor peptide angiotensin II results in hypertrophy of rat aortic smooth muscle cells that is associated with an increase in transcription of the early growth response gene c-fos. To explore the molecular mechanism responsible for c-fos induction in rat aortic smooth muscle(More)
Acute nicotine administration has been shown to influence the acquisition and retention of learning tasks. In order to investigate the many possible behavioral and pharmacological effects of nicotine, a modified 2 X 2 state-dependent learning design was used to assess nicotine's effects on active avoidance learning. Male and female mice of the C57BL/6J(More)
Prenatal cocaine exposure leads to multiple abnormalities in the mature offspring. We explored the effects of gestational exposure to cocaine on neurotransmitter systems of adult mice. The subjects were the mature offspring of mice (a) prenatally fed cocaine between gestational day (G) 8 and G19, (b) pair-fed chow and water, or fed chow and water ad(More)