David George Lambert

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Glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase are the most important enzymes of the cell antioxidant defense system. However, these molecules are themselves susceptible to oxidation. The aim of this work was to estimate to what extent this system could be inactivated by its own substrates. We tested the effect of hydrogen peroxide,(More)
Identification of the enigmatic nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (N/OFQ) in 1995 represented the first successful use of reverse pharmacology and led to deorphanization of the N/OFQ receptor (NOP). Subsequently, the N/OFQ–NOP system has been implicated in a wide range of biological functions, including pain, drug abuse, cardiovascular control and immunity.(More)
The lack of availability of a selective, highly potent, competitive antagonist for the nociceptin receptor (OP4) devoid of residual agonistic activity has hampered studies in this area. We report here the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel non-peptide OP4 antagonist, J-113397, which was recently discovered by Banyu Pharmaceutical(More)
In everyday life, our sensory system is bombarded with visual input and we rely upon attention to select only those inputs that are relevant to behavioural goals. Typically, humans can shift their attention from one visual field to the other with little cost to perception. In cases of ‘unilateral neglect’, however, there is a persistent bias of spatial(More)
Studies of the pharmacology of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP) have been hampered by the lack of a range of high potency antagonists. In this study we have examined the effects of a novel N/OFQ analogue [Nphe1,Arg14,Lys15]N/OFQ NH2 hereafter referred to as UFP-101. [3H]N/OFQ competition binding and GTPγ35S binding assays were(More)
(1) Partial agonism is primarily dependent upon receptor density and coupling efficiency. As these parameters are tissue/model dependent, intrinsic activity in different tissues can vary. We have utilised the ecdysone-inducible expression system containing the human nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide receptor (hNOP) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary(More)
1.. Nociceptin (orphanin FQ) is a novel neuropeptide capable of inducing a variety of biological actions via activation of a specific G-protein coupled receptor. However, the lack of a selective nociceptin receptor antagonist has hampered our understanding of nociceptin actions and the role of this peptide in pathophysiological states. As part of a broader(More)
Previous structure-activity and NMR studies on nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) demonstrated that Aib substitution of Ala(7) and/or Ala(11) increases the peptide potency through an alpha helix structure induction mechanism. On these bases we synthesised and evaluated pharmacologically in the mouse vas deferens assay a series of N/OFQ-NH(2) analogues(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome characterised by benign skin tumours, renal tumours, and spontaneous pneumothorax. The gene has been mapped to chromosome 17p11.2 and recently identified, expressing a novel protein called folliculin. We report the clinical and genetic studies of four sporadic BHD cases and four families(More)
Opioid addicts are more likely to present with infections suggesting opioids are immune modulators. The potential sites/mechanism(s) for this modulation are controversial and on close inspection not well supported by the current literature. It has long been assumed that opioid-induced immune modulation occurs via a combination of direct actions on the(More)