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Several mitochondrial proteins are tumor suppressors. These include succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and fumarate hydratase, both enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. However, to date, the mechanisms by which defects in the TCA cycle contribute to tumor formation have not been elucidated. Here we describe a mitochondrion-to-cytosol signaling pathway(More)
Dopamine D(3) receptor antagonists exert pro-cognitive effects in both rodents and primates. Accordingly, this study compared the roles of dopamine D(3) vs D(2) receptors in social novelty discrimination (SND), which relies on olfactory cues, and novel object recognition (NOR), a visual-recognition task. The dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist, S33084(More)
Dopamine D₃ receptors are densely expressed in mesolimbic projection areas, and selective antagonists enhance cognition, consistent with their potential therapeutic use in the treatment of schizophrenia. This study examines the effect of dopamine D₃ vs. D₂ receptor antagonists on the cognitive impairment and hyperactivity produced by social isolation of rat(More)
Developing reliable, predictive animal models for complex psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, is essential to increase our understanding of the neurobiological basis of the disorder and for the development of novel drugs with improved therapeutic efficacy. All available animal models of schizophrenia fit into four different induction categories:(More)
Metabolomics is an emerging field of postgenomic biology concerned with comprehensive analysis of small molecules in biological systems. However, difficulties associated with the identification of detected metabolites currently limit its application. Here we demonstrate that a retention time prediction model can improve metabolite identification on a(More)
Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and fumarate hydratase (FH) are components of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and tumor suppressors. Loss of SDH or FH induces pseudohypoxia, a major tumor-supporting event, which is the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) under normoxia. In SDH- or FH-deficient cells, HIF activation is due to HIF1alpha(More)
(±)-4'-Methylmethcathinone hydrochloride [(±)-mephedrone, 4-MMC] is a synthetic "legal high", with a classical cathinone structure similar to methcathinone. In this study, the in vitro metabolism of 4-MMC was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rat hepatocytes to characterise the associated Phase I and II metabolites. 4-MMC was incubated with rat liver(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha agonists lower circulating lipids, but the consequences for muscle lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity are not clear. We investigated whether PPAR-alpha activation improves insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant rats and compared the effects with PPAR-gamma activation. Three-week high fat-fed(More)
Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia severely compromise quality of life and are poorly controlled by current antipsychotics. While 5-HT(6) receptor blockade holds special promise, molecular substrates underlying their control of cognition remain unclear. Using a proteomic strategy, we show that 5-HT(6) receptors physically interact with several proteins(More)
Hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) interfaced with an Orbitrap Fourier transform mass spectrometer (FT-MS) was used to carry out metabolomic profiling of the classical Drosophila mutation, rosy (ry). This gene encodes a xanthine oxidase/dehydrogenase. In addition to validating the technology by detecting the same changes in xanthine,(More)