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It is known that partially (spatial) coherent beams can reduce the effects of scintillation in a free space optical link. However, practical implementations of this type of beam are still under investigation. In this work we apply a wave optics model to analyze the propagation through turbulence of a coherent beam and a particular version of a… (More)
A passive-polarization-based imaging system records the polarization state of light reflected by objects that are illuminated with an unpolarized and generally uncontrolled source. Such systems can be useful in many remote sensing applications including target detection, object segmentation, and material classification. We present a method to jointly… (More)
Two different methodologies for generating an electromagnetic Gaussian-Schell model source are discussed. One approach uses a sequence of random phase screens at the source plane and the other uses a sequence of random complex transmittance screens. The relationships between the screen parameters and the desired electromagnetic Gaussian-Schell model source… (More)
The probability density function (PDF) of aperture-averaged irradiance fluctuations is calculated from wave-optics simulations of a laser after propagating through atmospheric turbulence to investigate the evolution of the distribution as the aperture diameter is increased. The simulation data distribution is compared to theoretical gamma-gamma and… (More)
We describe a postdetection turbulence compensation technique for obtaining high resolution imagery through the atmosphere. We present preliminary results fromfield experiments.
Establishing a link between a ground station and a geosynchronous orbiting satellite can be aided greatly with the use of a beacon on the satellite. A tracker, or even an adaptive optics system, can use the beacon during communication or tracking activities to correct beam pointing for atmospheric turbulence and mount jitter effects. However, the pointing… (More)
We report what are to our knowledge the first coherent images recovered in the laboratory from measurements made with a Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor of the phase and amplitude of a laser speckle wave front. We discuss the design of our wave-front sensor, which can obtain the phase and amplitude of an optical field with a single intensity measurement,… (More)
We introduce an incoherent adaptive imaging system based on optimization of an image quality metric measured using a coherent optical system. Experimental results and numerical simulations are presented that demonstrate adaptive correction of phase-distorted extended source images containing objects located at multiple distances.
The problem of coherence length optimization in a spatially partially coherent beam for free space optical communication is investigated. The weak turbulence regime is considered. An expression for the scintillation index in a series form is derived and conditions for obtaining improvement in outage probability through optimization in the coherence length… (More)
Passive imaging polarimetry has emerged as an useful tool in many remote sensing applications including material classification, target detection and shape extraction. In this paper we present a method to classify specular objects based on their material composition from passive polarimetric imagery. The proposed algorithm is built on an iterative… (More)