David G. Stokes

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CHD1 is a novel DNA-binding protein that contains both a chromatin organization modifier (chromo) domain and a helicase/ATPase domain. We show here that CHD1 preferentially binds to relatively long A.T tracts in double-stranded DNA via minor-groove interactions. Several CHD1-binding sites were found in a well-characterized nuclear-matrix attachment region,(More)
  • V Delmas, D G Stokes, R P Perry
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1993
Two overlapping cDNAs that encode a 197-kDa sequence-selective DNA-binding protein were isolated from libraries derived from mouse lymphoid cell mRNA. In addition to a DNA-binding domain, the protein contains both a chromodomain, which occurs in proteins that are implicated in chromatin compaction, and an SNF2/SWI2-like helicase domain, which occurs in(More)
Previously, we reported on the discovery and characterization of a mammalian chromatin-associated protein, CHD1 (chromo-ATPase/helicase-DNA-binding domain), with features that led us to suspect that it might have an important role in the modification of chromatin structure. We now report on the characterization of the Drosophila melanogaster CHD1 homologue(More)
CHD1, an M r∼200,000 protein that contains a chromodomain (C), an ATPase/helicase-like domain (H) and a DNA-binding domain (D), was previously shown to be associated with decompacted interphase chromatin in mammalian cells and with transcriptionally active puffs and interbands in Drosophila polytene chromosomes. We now show by transient transfection(More)
Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells of the intervertebral disc reside in an environment that has a limited vascular supply and generate energy through anaerobic glycolysis. The goal of the present study was to examine the expression and regulation of HIF-1alpha, a transcription factor that regulates oxidative metabolism in nucleus pulposus cells. Nucleus pulposus(More)
BACKGROUND Articular cartilage is a unique tissue in that it is avascular with its nutrition and oxygen supply being dependent on the diffusion of solutes through the synovial fluid and to and from the subchondral bone. The oxygen levels in articular cartilage, therefore, are assumed to be low. Oxygen is an important modulator of gene expression and this(More)
The transcription factor SOX9 is essential for multiple steps during skeletal development, including mesenchymal cell chondrogenesis and endochondral bone formation. We recently reported that the human SOX9 proximal promoter region is regulated by the CCAAT-binding factor through two CCAAT boxes located within 100 bp of the transcriptional start site. Here(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 916-bp human cDNA clone isolated from a human colon lambda gt11 cDNA library was determined. Sequence analysis showed this cDNA to have 88% homology to the nucleotide sequence of the heavy chain of rat clathrin. The deduced amino acid sequence was 98.7% identical to the rat sequence, a change of only four amino acids. The mRNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the changes in patterns of gene expression exhibited by human chondrocytes as they dedifferentiate into fibroblastic cells in culture in order to better understand the mechanisms that control this process and its relationship to the phenotypic changes that occur in chondrocytes during the development of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The normal structure and function of articular cartilage are the result of a precisely balanced interaction between anabolic and catabolic processes. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of growth factors generally exerts an anabolic or repair response; in contrast, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta)(More)