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Root Growth Potential (RGP) has become the most commonly used and reported measure of seedling quality. It has also been used to predict field performance after planting, but not everyone agrees that this is an appropriate use. The authors were solicited by the “Making the Grade” Organizing Committee to engage in a debate on the topic “Does Root Growth(More)
Electrospinning is a fabrication process that uses an electric field to control the deposition of polymer fibers onto a target substrate. This electrostatic processing strategy can be used to fabricate fibrous polymer mats composed of fiber diameters ranging from several microns down to 100 nm or less. In this study, we describe how electrospinning can be(More)
We have examined how different degrees (0.5%, 1.0%, 2.5%, 5.0%, and 10.0%) and directions of stretch regulate the turnover and accumulation of contractile proteins in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes (NCMs). In pulse-chase experiments, stellate-shaped NCMs with random arrays of myofibrils (MFs) exhibited a threshold response to stretch. With respect to(More)
Vinculin is a major cytoskeletal component in striated muscle, where it has been reported to form a rib-like structure between the cell membrane and the Z-disk termed a costamere. This arrangement of vinculin has been purported to be involved in the alignment of the myofibrils. However, the three-dimensional arrangement of vinculin in relation to the Z-disk(More)
Cellular phenotype is the result of a dynamic interaction between a cell's intrinsic genetic program and the morphogenetic signals that serve to modulate the extent to which that program is expressed. In the present study we have examined how morphogenetic information might be stored in the extracellular matrix (ECM) and communicated to the neonatal heart(More)
Significant challenges must be overcome before the true benefit and economic impact of vascular tissue engineering can be fully realized. Toward that end, we have pioneered the electrospinning of micro- and nano-fibrous scaffoldings from the natural polymers collagen and elastin and applied these to development of biomimicking vascular tissue engineered(More)
Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that has attempted to utilize a variety of processing methods with synthetic and natural polymers to fabricate scaffolds for the regeneration of tissues and organs. The study of structure-function relationships in both normal and pathological tissues has been coupled with the development of biologically(More)
We describe the use of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) in the measurement of anisotropy in electrospun scaffolds of gelatin as a function of the starting conditions. In electrospinning, fiber alignment and overall scaffold anisotropy can be manipulated by controlling the motion of the collecting mandrel with respect to the source electrospinning solution.(More)
This paper describes data which demonstrate a correlation between the magnitude of the Steady-State Visually Evoked Potential (SSVEP) and visual vigilance. The SSVEP was recorded from 64 scalp sites and elicited by a 13Hz uniform visual flicker presented continuously while subjects undertook a visual vigilance task. Fifteen right-handed males were required(More)
Batches of 2+0, bare-root lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) seedings differing in provenance, lifting date, or nursery of origin varied greatly both in root growth capacity (RGC) as measured by a laboratory assay and in early survival and growth after field planting. Most of the variation in field(More)