David G S Farmer

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Experiments carried out in conscious guinea pigs suggest that citric acid-evoked coughing is partly mediated by transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptor-dependent activation of tachykinin-containing, capsaicin-sensitive C fibers. In vitro electrophysiological analyses indicate, however, that acid also activates capsaicin-sensitive and(More)
Evidence provided by both clinical and pre-clinical studies regarding a central involvement of the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) in vascular disease continues to mount. RAGE is upregulated as a consequence of activation of the ubiquitous pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB which is activated in response to diverse(More)
We have identified a distinct subtype of airway vagal afferent nerve that plays an essential role in regulating the cough reflex. These afferents are exquisitely sensitive to punctate mechanical stimuli, acid, and decreases in extracellular chloride concentrations, but are insensitive to capsaicin, bradykinin, histamine, adenosine, serotonin, or changes in(More)
The calgranulin-like protein MTS1/S100A4 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) have recently been implicated in mediating pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and vascular remodelling in experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH). Here, the effects of RAGE antagonism upon 2 weeks of hypobaric hypoxia (10%(More)
Bundles are equivalence classes of functions derived from equivalence classes of transversals. They preserve measures of resistance to differential and linear cryptanalysis. For functions over G F(2n), affine bundles coincide with EA-equivalence classes. From equivalence classes (“bundles”) of presemifields of order pn , we derive bundles of functions over(More)
What is the topic of this review? We review the current literature on the neural reflex termed the 'inflammatory reflex' that inhibits an excessive release of inflammatory mediators in response to an immune challenge. What advances does it highlight? The original model proposed that the inflammatory reflex is a vago-vagal reflex that controls immune(More)
A main feature of the mammalian olfactory bulb network is the presence of various rhythmic activities, in particular, gamma, beta, and theta oscillations, with the latter coupled to the respiratory rhythm. Interactions between those oscillations as well as the spatial distribution of network activation are likely to determine olfactory coding. Here, we(More)
It has previously been shown that stimulation of cell-columns in the periaqueductal grey (PAG) triggers site-specific cardiorespiratory effects. These are believed to facilitate changes in behaviour through coordinated changes in autonomic outflow. Here, we investigated whether PAG-evoked respiratory commands can be studied in situ using the decerebrate(More)