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PURPOSE In mammals, endogenous, noncoding RNAs, designated as microRNAs (miRNAs), inhibit the translation of a target messenger RNA, thereby silencing protein production. MiRNAs have been shown to regulate many aspects of development and differentiation in a wide range of tissues. Surprisingly, little consideration has been directed towards characterizing(More)
Despite their potential to regulate approximately one-third of the whole genome, relatively few microRNA (miRNA) targets have been experimentally validated, particularly in stratified squamous epithelia. Here we demonstrate not only that the lipid phosphatase SHIP2 is a target of miRNA-205 (miR-205) in epithelial cells, but, more importantly, that the(More)
Two isoforms of succinyl-CoA synthetase exist in mammals, one specific for ATP and the other for GTP. The GTP-specific form of pig succinyl-CoA synthetase has been crystallized in the presence of GTP and the structure determined to 2.1 A resolution. GTP is bound in the ATP-grasp domain, where interactions of the guanine base with a glutamine residue(More)
Succinyl-CoA synthetase catalyzes the reversible reaction succinyl-CoA + NDP + P(i) <--> succinate + CoA + NTP (N denoting adenosine or guanosine). The enzyme consists of two different subunits, designated alpha and beta. During the reaction, a histidine residue of the alpha-subunit is transiently phosphorylated. This histidine residue interacts with Glu(More)
We have identified two distinct cDNAs encoding the alpha-subunit of pig heart succinyl-CoA synthetase. The derived amino acid sequence of one of these, PHalpha57, is highly similar to the alpha-subunit of the rat liver precursor enzyme. The second cDNA, PHalpha108, was identical throughout its sequence with PHalpha57 except for a stretch of 108 nucleotides(More)
Using suppressive subtractive hybridization, we have identified a novel gene, which we named early epithelial differentiation associated (EEDA), which is uniquely associated with an early stage of stratified epithelial differentiation. In epidermis, esophageal epithelium, and tongue epithelium, EEDA mRNA, and antigen was abundant in suprabasal cells, but(More)
PURPOSE S100A4 is a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins. Members of the S100 family have been implicated in a variety of cellular events, including growth, signaling, differentiation, and motility. It has been suggested that S100A4 modulates cell shape and motility by interacting with components of the cytoskeleton. In the present study,(More)
Postsynaptic kainate receptors mediate excitatory synaptic transmission over a broad range of temporal frequencies. In heterologous systems, the temporal responses of kainate receptors vary when different channel-forming and auxiliary subunits are co-expressed but how this variability relates to the temporal differences at central synapses is incompletely(More)
This study comprises a detailed evaluation of factors that are necessary to achieve high levels of expression of eukaryotic proteins in bacterial systems. We attempted to express a rat liver cDNA clone encoding the precursor to the alpha-subunit of succinyl-CoA synthetase in an Escherichia coli expression system, without success. Removal of the region(More)
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