Learn More
Cyclosporin A has emerged as a promising therapeutic agent in traumatic brain injury (TBI), although its precise neuroprotective mechanism is unclear. Cyclosporin A, given as a single-dose intrathecal bolus, has previously been shown to attenuate mitochondrial damage and reduce axonal injury in experimental TBI. We assessed the effect of a range of(More)
Traumatic axonal injury (TAI) evolves within minutes to hours following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous studies have identified axolemmal disruption and impaired axonal transport (AxT) as key mechanisms in the evolution of TAI. While initially hypothesized that axolemmal disruption culminates in impaired AxT, previous studies employed single-label(More)
OBJECTIVE We introduce a technique that uses intraoperative flat-panel detector computed tomography (FD-CT) and three-dimensional rotational angiography (3D-RA) acquired in the hybrid operative suite to provide full neuronavigation capabilities during cerebrovascular surgery without the use of preoperative imaging studies. METHODS An Artis Zeego FD system(More)
BACKGROUND The paucity of neurosurgical care in East Africa remains largely unaddressed. A sustained investment in local health infrastructures and staff training is needed to create an independent surgical capacity. The Madaktari organization has addressed this issue by starting initiatives to train local general surgeons and assistant medical officers in(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains the most common cause of death in persons under age 45 in the Western world. One of the principal determinants of morbidity and mortality following TBI is traumatic axonal injury (TAI). Current hypotheses on the pathogenesis of TAI involve activation of apoptotic cascades secondary to TBI. While a number of studies have(More)
The delivery of therapeutics to neural tissue is greatly hindered by the blood brain barrier (BBB). Direct local delivery via diffusive release from degradable implants or direct intra-cerebral injection can bypass the BBB and obtain high concentrations of the therapeutic in the targeted tissue, however the total volume of tissue that can be treated using(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD), a fatal disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme arylsulfatase A (ARSA), is associated with an accumulation of sulfatides, causing widespread demyelination in both central and peripheral nervous systems. On the basis of prior studies demonstrating that adeno-associated virus AAVrh.10 can mediate widespread(More)
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are the most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in children. Different options exist for their successful management consisting of surgery, endovascular embolization, stereotactic radiosurgery, or a combination of these treatments. In this paper, we discuss the different treatment modalities in the treatment of(More)
We have developed a novel minimally invasive technique for the intra-arterial delivery of therapeutics to the mouse brain. CD-1 mice were anesthetized and placed in a lateral decubitus position. A 10mm midline longitudinal incision was made over the thyroid bone. The omohyoid and sternomastoid muscles were retracted to expose the common carotid artery and(More)
  • 1