Markus Langhans9
Stefan Hillmer9
9Markus Langhans
9Stefan Hillmer
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Little is known about the dynamics and molecular components of plant prevacuolar compartments (PVCs). We have demonstrated recently that vacuolar sorting receptor (VSR) proteins are concentrated on PVCs. In this study, we generated transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) BY-2 cell lines expressing two yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-fusion reporters that(More)
  • Sandra Richter, Niko Geldner, Jarmo Schrader, Hanno Wolters, York-Dieter Stierhof, Gabino Rios +3 others
  • 2007
Guanine-nucleotide exchange factors on ADP-ribosylation factor GTPases (ARF-GEFs) regulate vesicle formation in time and space by activating ARF substrates on distinct donor membranes. Mammalian GBF1 (ref. 2) and yeast Gea1/2 (ref. 3) ARF-GEFs act at Golgi membranes, regulating COPI-coated vesicle formation. In contrast, their Arabidopsis thaliana homologue(More)
Developing pea cotyledons contain functionally different vacuoles, a protein storage vacuole and a lytic vacuole. Lumenal as well as membrane proteins of the protein storage vacuole exit the Golgi apparatus in dense vesicles rather than in clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs). Although the sorting receptor for vacuolar hydrolases BP-80 is present in CCVs, it is(More)
Endocytosis is an essential process by which eukaryotic cells internalize exogenous material or regulate signaling at the cell surface [1]. Different endocytic pathways are well established in yeast and animals; prominent among them is clathrin-dependent endocytosis [2, 3]. In plants, endocytosis is poorly defined, and no molecular mechanism for cargo(More)
We recently identified multivesicular bodies (MVBs) as prevacuolar compartments (PVCs) in the secretory and endocytic pathways to the lytic vacuole in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) BY-2 cells. Secretory carrier membrane proteins (SCAMPs) are post-Golgi, integral membrane proteins mediating endocytosis in animal cells. To define the endocytic pathway in(More)
  • Amedeo Alpi, Nikolaus Amrhein, Adam Bertl, Michael R Blatt, Eduardo Blumwald, Felice Cervone +30 others
  • 2007
The past three years have witnessed the birth and propagation of a provocative idea in the plant sciences. Its proponents have suggested that higher plants have nerves, synapses, the equivalent of a brain localized somewhere in the roots, and an intelligence. The idea has attracted a number of adherents, to the extent that meetings have now been held in(More)
In contrast to a single copy of Exo70 in yeast and mammals, the Arabidopsis genome contains 23 paralogues of Exo70 (AtExo70). Using AtExo70E2 and its GFP fusion as probes, we recently identified a novel double-membrane organelle termed exocyst-positive organelle (EXPO) that mediates an unconventional protein secretion in plant cells. Here we further(More)
Retromer is a cytosolic protein complex which binds to post-Golgi organelles involved in the trafficking of proteins to the lytic compartment of the cell. In non-plant organisms, retromer mediates the recycling of acid hydrolase receptors from early endosomal (EE) compartments. In plants, retromer components are required for the targeting of vacuolar(More)
BACKGROUND Methylotrophy describes the ability of organisms to grow on reduced organic compounds without carbon-carbon bonds. The genomes of two pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophic bacteria of the Alpha-proteobacterial genus Methylobacterium, the reference species Methylobacterium extorquens strain AM1 and the dichloromethane-degrading strain DM4,(More)
Unconventional protein secretion (UPS) is a collective term for mechanisms by which cytosolic proteins that lack a signal peptide (“leaderless secretory proteins” (LSPs)) can gain access to the cell exterior. Numerous examples of UPS have been well documented in animal and yeast cells. In contrast, our understanding of the mechanism(s) and function of UPS(More)