David G. Noble

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The global pledge to deliver 'a significant reduction in the current rate of biodiversity loss by 2010' is echoed in a number of regional and national level targets. There is broad consensus, however, that in the absence of conservation action, biodiversity will continue to be lost at a rate unprecedented in the recent era. Remarkably, we lack a basic(More)
Invasive alien species (IAS) are considered one of the greatest threats to biodiversity, particularly through their interactions with other drivers of change. Horizon scanning, the systematic examination of future potential threats and opportunities, leading to prioritization of IAS threats is seen as an essential component of IAS management. Our aim was to(More)
Thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia) originating from breeding colonies in the Canadian Arctic were collected on their wintering grounds off the coast of Newfoundland. Murres had been previously banded such that the age of each bird could be determined upon collection. This allowed us to explore the possible relationships between age and contaminant levels in(More)
Positive abundance-occupancy relationships (a relationship between the number of sites a species occupies and the average density of individuals in occupied sites) are widespread through a range of taxa. The simplest model for this is the "vital rates" model, which proposes that habitat suitability varies spatially; increasing average habitat quality thus(More)
Global climate change is a major threat to biodiversity. Large-scale analyses have generally focused on the impacts of climate change on the geographic ranges of species and on phenology, the timing of ecological phenomena. We used long-term monitoring of the abundance of breeding birds across Europe and the United States to produce, for both regions,(More)
Many studies have demonstrated the selection of stubble fields by farmland birds in winter, but none have shown whether provisioning of this key habitat positively influences national population trends for widespread farmland birds. We use two complementary extensive bird surveys undertaken at the same localities in summer and winter and show that the area(More)
1. Many patterns in macroecology are closely related to the total abundance of a species in a region. Here we show that interspecific differences in the pattern of population fluctuations of British bird species can be predicted from knowledge of their overall abundance and some basic life-history characteristics. 2. We identify a rarity syndrome that(More)
Canadian shorebirds are exposed to environmental contaminants throughout their annual cycle. Contaminant exposure among species varies with diet, foraging behaviour and migration patterns. We sampled twelve species of shorebirds from four locations across Canada to assess their exposure to PCBs, organochlorine pesticides, as well as four trace elements (Hg,(More)
1. Range size, population size and body size, the key macroecological variables, vary temporally both within and across species in response to anthropogenic and natural environmental change. However, resulting temporal trends in the relationships between these variables (i.e. macroecological patterns) have received little attention. 2. Positive(More)
http://sro.sussex.ac.uk Pocock, Michael J O, Newson, Stuart E, Henderson, Ian G, Peyton, Jodey, Sutherland, William J, Noble, David G, Ball, Stuart G, Beckmann, Björn C, Biggs, Jeremy, Brereton, Tom, Bullock, David J, Buckland, Stephen T, Edwards, Mike, Eaton, Mark A, Harvey, Martin C et al. (2015) Developing and enhancing biodiversity monitoring(More)