David G. MacManus

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Normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in established multiple sclerosis has been shown to be abnormal using a variety of magnetic resonance (MR) techniques, including proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS), although the stage at which these changes first appear is less clear. Using a 1.5 T scanner and single-voxel (1)H-MRS [TR 3000 ms, TE 30 ms, point-resolved(More)
We performed spin echo magnetic resonance imaging with and without application of an off-resonance saturation pulse in 43 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), 10 age-matched controls, and 4 elderly asymptomatic patients with the radiological diagnosis of small-vessel disease. Magnetization transfer (MT) ratio images were obtained from these. All MS(More)
We performed MRI of brain and spinal cord on 80 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Using multi-array coils and fast spin echo, 139 intrinsic lesions were identified in 59 patients (74%). Lesions were more common in the cervical than in the thoracic cord. Cross-sectional areas of the cord, measured from axial images at four levels, showed atrophy in 40%.(More)
Simultaneous recording from multiple single neurones presents many technical difficulties. However, obtaining such data has many advantages, which make it highly worthwhile to overcome the technical problems. This report describes methods which we have developed to permit recordings in awake behaving monkeys using the 'Eckhorn' 16 electrode microdrive.(More)
In the amnesia literature, disagreement exists over whether anterograde amnesia involves recollective-based recognition processes and/or familiarity-based ones depending on whether the anatomical damage is restricted to the hippocampus or also involves adjacent areas, particularly the entorhinal and perirhinal cortices. So far, few patients with well(More)
The idea that the initiating event in the formation of all new multiple sclerosis lesions is a focal blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage associated with perivascular inflammation has been challenged recently by the observation of subtle abnormalities in some quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) parameters (including the magnetization transfer ratio) prior to(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the long-term effect of the lymphocyte-depleting humanized monoclonal antibody Campath 1H on MR markers of disease activity and progression in secondary progressive MS patients. METHODS Twenty-five patients participated in a crossover treatment trial with monthly run-in MR scans for 3 months, followed (after a single pulse of Campath(More)
BACKGROUND In a 2-year, placebo-controlled trial (the Natalizumab Safety and Efficacy in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis [AFFIRM] study), involving 942 patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), natalizumab significantly reduced the relapse rate by 68% and progression of sustained disability by 42% vs placebo. We report the effect of(More)
Imaging studies of cerebral volumes often adjust for factors such as age that may confound between-subject comparisons. However the use of nuisance covariates in imaging studies is inconsistent, which can make interpreting results across studies difficult. Using magnetic resonance images of 78 healthy controls we assessed the effects of age, gender, head(More)
1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) provides a unique tool to detect and quantify brain metabolites. In multiple sclerosis it can be used to investigate axonal loss or dysfunction through measurement of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), a neuronal marker. Previous studies in adults have reported variable effects of aging on metabolite concentrations but have(More)