David G Longfellow

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The human relevance framework (HRF) outlines a four-part process, beginning with data on the mode of action (MOA) in laboratory animals, for evaluating the human relevance of animal tumors. Drawing on U.S. EPA and IPCS proposals for animal MOA analysis, the HRF expands those analyses to include a systematic evaluation of comparability, or lack of(More)
A meeting on the health effects of arsenic (As), its modes of action, and areas in need of future research was held in Hunt Valley, Maryland, on 22-24 September 1997. Exposure to As in drinking water has been associated with the development of skin and internal cancers and noncarcinogenic effects such as diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, and cardiovascular(More)
Defining the mode(s) of action by which chemicals induce tumors in laboratory animals has become a key to judgments about the relevance of such tumor data for human risk assessment. Frameworks for analyzing mode of action information appear in recent U.S. EPA and IPCS publications relating to cancer risk assessment. This FORUM paper emphasizes that mode of(More)
This is the second publication of Clinical Development Plans from the National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Chemoprevention Branch and Agent Development Committee. The Clinical Development Plans summarize the status of promising chemopreventive agents regarding evidence for safety and chemopreventive efficacy in preclinical(More)
This report provides a summary of deliberations conducted under the charge for members of Module D participating in the Naphthalene State-of-the-Science Symposium (NS(3)), Monterey, CA, October 9-12, 2006. The charge directed the panel to ascertain to the best of its ability a consensus judgment of the state-of-the-science concerning the potential for a(More)
Technical modifications of the quantitative determination of unscheduled DNA synthesis in cultured hepatocytes are described which allow for the rapid identification of potentially carcinogenic chemicals on a large-scale screening basis. The test is based on the biochemical quantification of [methyl-3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA in the presence of(More)
Millions now suffer the effects of chronic arseniasis related to environmental arsenic exposure. The biological mechanisms responsible for arsenic-induced toxicity and especially chronic effects, including cancer, are not well known. The U.S. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) is participating in an international research effort to improve this(More)
The prostates of 201 male virgin or breeder ACI (ACI/segHapBR) rats, 24 to 40 months of age were reviewed histologically, and the genesis of prostatic carcinoma was studied. At 24 months of age, 35 to 45 per cent of the rats had the earliest lesions, intraalveolar atypical hyperplasias. These lesions progressed to intraalveolar cribriform carcinomas which(More)