David G. Krige

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CHR-2797 is a novel metalloenzyme inhibitor that is converted into a pharmacologically active acid product (CHR-79888) inside cells. CHR-79888 is a potent inhibitor of a number of intracellular aminopeptidases, including leucine aminopeptidase. CHR-2797 exerts antiproliferative effects against a range of tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo and shows(More)
The majority of condylomata acuminata (anogenital warts) are caused by infection with Human Papilloma Virus type 6 (HPV-6). We have sequenced the HPV-6 early genes, E1-E4, E6 and E7 from wart biopsy DNA samples sourced from the UK and USA and derived a consensus sequence for these genes and the proteins they encode. When compared to the prototype HPV-6b(More)
Aminopeptidase inhibitors are receiving attention as combination chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of refractory acute myeloid leukemia. However, the factors determining therapeutic efficacy remain elusive. Here we identified the molecular basis of acquired resistance to CHR2863, an orally available hydrophobic aminopeptidase inhibitor prodrug with(More)
Myeloma cells are highly dependent on the unfolded protein response to assemble folded immunoglobulins correctly. Therefore, targeting protein handling within a myeloma cell by inhibiting the aminopeptidase enzyme system, which catalyses the hydrolysis of amino acids from the proteins NH2 terminus, represents a therapeutic approach. CHR-2797, a novel(More)
The therapeutic and toxic effects of drugs are often generated through effects on distinct cell types in the body. Selective delivery of drugs to specific cells or cell lineages would, therefore, have major advantages, in particular, the potential to significantly improve the therapeutic window of an agent. Cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage represent(More)
Aminopeptidase enzyme inhibition is thought to deplete the free intracellular amino acids needed by malignant cells for growth and development, resulting in profound anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of the metalloenzyme-inhibitor CHR-2797 (tosedostat), in primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.(More)
Malaria remains a significant risk in many areas of the world, with resistance to the current antimalarial pharmacopeia an ever-increasing problem. The M1 alanine aminopeptidase (PfM1AAP) and M17 leucine aminopeptidase (PfM17LAP) are believed to play a role in the terminal stages of digestion of host hemoglobin and thereby generate a pool of free amino(More)
Submitted 8 Multifactorial mechanisms of resistance to the aminopeptidase inhibitor prodrug CHR2863 provoke marked sensitization to the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin 176 Abstract Carboxylesterases (CES) play a pivotal role in intracellular metabolic processes of drug detoxification or activation as well as lipid/cholesterol homeosta-sis. Here we report the(More)
There is a growing body of evidence supporting the use of epigenetic therapies in the treatment of multiple myeloma. We show the novel HDAC inhibitor CHR-3996 induces apoptosis in myeloma cells at concentrations in the nanomolar range and with apoptosis mediated by p53 and caspase pathways. In addition, HDAC inhibitors are highly synergistic, both in vitro(More)
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