David G. Kidd

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One purpose of integrating voice interfaces into embedded vehicle systems is to reduce drivers' visual and manual distractions with 'infotainment' technologies. However, there is scant research on actual benefits in production vehicles or how different interface designs affect attentional demands. Driving performance, visual engagement, and indices of(More)
OBJECTIVE Passengers, especially those in rear seating positions, use seat belts less frequently than drivers. In-vehicle technology can inform drivers when their passengers are unbuckled and encourage passengers to use belts. The current study collected information about drivers' attitudes toward passenger belt use and belt reminders for front passengers(More)
OBJECTIVE This study measured the effectiveness of a parking sensor system, a rearview camera, and a sensor system combined with a camera for preventing a collision with a stationary or moving child-size object in the path of a backing vehicle. BACKGROUND An estimated 15,000 people are injured and 210 are killed every year in backover crashes involving(More)
Almost all U.S. states have laws limiting drivers' cellphone use. The evidence suggests that all-driver bans on hand-held phone conversations have resulted in long-term reductions in hand-held phone use, and drivers in ban states reported higher rates of hands-free phone use and lower overall phone use compared with drivers in non-ban states. Bans on all(More)
There is limited research on trade-offs in demand between manual and voice interfaces of embedded and portable technologies. Mehler et al. identified differences in driving performance, visual engagement and workload between two contrasting embedded vehicle system designs (Chevrolet MyLink and Volvo Sensus). The current study extends this work by comparing(More)
OBJECTIVES Information about drivers' experiences with driver assistance technologies in real driving conditions is sparse. This study characterized driver interactions with forward collision warning, adaptive cruise control, active lane keeping, side-view assist, and lane departure warning systems following real-world use. METHODS Fifty-four Insurance(More)
Driver interaction with two production voice-command interfaces representing differing user interface design approaches were compared under onroad highway driving conditions. A sample of 80 drivers was randomly assigned to drive each vehicle (40 per vehicle). During voice-based phone contact calling and destination address entry, participants in one vehicle(More)
ductive factors. Historically, the standard procedure in epidemiologic case-control studies has been to exclude cases that could not have been approached to serve as controls. This procedure assumes that factors that predict inclusion in the control sampling frame are similar for cases and potential controls. The 2 propensity-score-based methods implemented(More)
This study characterized the use of various fields of view during low-speed parking maneuvers by drivers with a rearview camera, a sensor system, a camera and sensor system combined, or neither technology. Participants performed four different low-speed parking maneuvers five times. Glances to different fields of view the second time through the four(More)