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BACKGROUND Alternative methods for abdominal wall closure may be necessary after emergency laparotomy. The purpose of this study was to determine the morbidity and outcome of emergency fascial closure with polypropylene mesh. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of all patients undergoing emergency fascial closure with polypropylene mesh from(More)
PURPOSE computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen is an established, albeit expensive and perhaps overused, diagnostic modality for the evaluation of the injured patient. We developed a practice management guideline for blunt abdominal trauma intended to reduce the percentage of negative CT scans, yet minimize delayed recognition of injury and non-therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Blunt injury to the carotid or vertebral vessels (blunt cerebrovascular injury [BCVI]) is diagnosed in approximately 1 of 1,000 (0.1%) patients hospitalized for trauma in the United States with the majority of these injuries diagnosed after the development of symptoms secondary to central nervous system ischemia, with a resultant neurologic(More)
BACKGROUND Optimizing intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is important in the management of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In trauma patients with TBI and respiratory dysfunction, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is often required to support oxygenation. Increases in PEEP may lead to reduced CPP. We hypothesized(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW As the elderly population expands and adopts increasingly more active lifestyles, trauma and critical care practitioners will be faced with providing care for greater numbers of severely injured patients. However, because of their associated preexisting medical conditions and poor relative physiologic reserve, geriatric patients have(More)
BACKGROUND Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been reported to occur in 20% to 40% of high-risk trauma patients if no prophylaxis is used. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of DVT and utility of a screening program in a high-risk group of trauma patients for whom routine DVT prophylaxis was utilized. PATIENTS AND METHODS Of 3,154 trauma(More)