David G Jacobs

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BACKGROUND The present study was designed to develop a briefer screening scale of approximately 10 items which maintained the validity of the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale in a sample similar to that attending National Depression Screening Day (NDSD), as well as a more general audience. METHODS We first administered 70 items from a variety of existing(More)
The suicide-prevention contract is a widely used but overvalued clinical and risk-management technique. The scant information on this topic in the psychiatric and mental health literature is reviewed, along with the literature on collateral subjects including suicide prediction, medicolegal aspects of treating suicidal patients, the therapeutic alliance,(More)
OBJECTIVE The effectiveness of a voluntary depression screening program was assessed by determining 1) whether participants in the 1994 National Depression Screening Day went for recommended follow-up examinations and 2) the characteristics that differentiated those who did and did not return. METHOD Randomly selected participants (N = 1,169) from 99(More)
BACKGROUND Optimizing intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is important in the management of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In trauma patients with TBI and respiratory dysfunction, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is often required to support oxygenation. Increases in PEEP may lead to reduced CPP. We hypothesized(More)
OBJECTIVE Characteristics of the subsequent treatment received by people who screened positive for depression in the 1996 National Depression Screening Day were investigated. METHOD A follow-up telephone survey was completed by 1,502 randomly selected participants from 2,800 sites. RESULTS Of 927 people for whom additional evaluation was recommended,(More)
Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that can disrupt a person's health, work, and relationships, and--in some cases--lead to suicide. Disparity between the prevalence of depression and diagnosis and treatment of the disorder led to the creation in 1991 of National Depression Screening Day (NDSD), an annual nationwide screening program for(More)
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