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OBJECTIVES To develop the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for conducting clinical studies and/or clinical trials in systemic vasculitis. METHODS An expert consensus group was formed consisting of rheumatologists, nephrologists and specialists in internal medicine representing five European countries and the USA, a clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a large-vessel vasculitis of unknown aetiology. The annual incidence in hospital-based studies is 1-2/million. The UK General Practice Research Database (UKGPRD) contains complete primary care records on 3.6 million people. There are no data on the incidence of TAK in the UK or from primary care anywhere in the world.(More)
Transabdominal testicular descent is influenced by various anatomical and hormonal factors and is mediated by gubernacular enlargement and regression of the cranial suspensory ligament, but its mechanism remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine which hormones have a direct effect on the proliferation of cells in the day 17 fetal rat(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of small and medium vessel vasculitis. METHODS An expert group (consisting of 10 rheumatologists, 3 nephrologists, 2 immunologists, 2 internists representing 8 European countries and the USA, a clinical epidemiologist and a representative from a drug(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of large vessel vasculitis. METHODS An expert group (10 rheumatologists, 3 nephrologists, 2 immunolgists, 2 internists representing 8 European countries and the USA, a clinical epidemiologist and a representative from a drug regulatory agency) identified 10(More)
BACKGROUND Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are primary systemic vasculitides (PSV), the clinical features of which have been described from tertiary centres. AIM To provide the first clinical description of MPA from a general hospital and compare clinical features with WG and CSS. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform a literature review and develop recommendations for the use of rituximab in ANCA-associated vasculitis. METHODS A committee of experts (five rheumatologists, five nephrologists and one paediatrician) conducted a modified Delphi exercise to identify five topics for a systematic literature search. The evidence was then reviewed,(More)
OBJECTIVES Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are uncommon and have unknown aetiology. The aim of the study was to investigate the epidemiology of GPA and MPA in a stable, well-defined population looking for differences in the pattern of occurrence, which might suggest a different aetiology. METHODS Since(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antibodies are increasingly used to treat autoimmune conditions. However, their long term safety is unclear. We report three cases of patients who developed rapid fatal exacerbations of rheumatoid arthritis associated fibrosing alveolitis after taking infliximab (a chimeric monoclonal anti-TNF antibody; Remicade,(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify baseline disease-related predictors in patients with early inflammatory polyarthritis (IP) for starting subsequent biological therapy and to determine if patients who failed their first non-biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) within 6 months were more likely to need biological therapy. METHODS Patients with early(More)