David G. Hole

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The intensification and expansion of modern agriculture is amongst the greatest current threats to worldwide biodiversity. Over the last quarter of the 20th century, dramatic declines in both range and abundance of many species associated with farmland have been reported in Europe, leading to growing concern over the sustainability of current intensive(More)
NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 2 | JULY 2012 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange As Earth’s climate continues to change at an unprecedented rate1, people face mounting impacts. Ongoing research since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s 2007 assessment report underscores the urgent need for rapid progress on national and global adaptation efforts2.(More)
Despite widespread concern, the continuing effectiveness of networks of protected areas under projected 21st century climate change is uncertain. Shifts in species' distributions could mean these resources will cease to afford protection to those species for which they were originally established. Using modelled projected shifts in the distributions of(More)
STEP Program, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA, Environmental Conservation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA, Institute for Soil, Climate, and Water, Agricultural Research Council, Stellenbosch 2599, South Africa, Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Ecosystem Science and Economics, Conservation(More)
Climate change directly threatens a significant fraction of the Earth’s species. Changing precipitation and temperature conditions likely will alter the geographical ranges of species and may drive many to extinction (Parmesan & Yohe, 2003; Thomas et al., 2004). Climate change is also likely to trigger a wide range of secondary impacts, whereby efforts by(More)
House-sparrow populations have declined sharply in Western Europe in recent decades, but the reasons for this decline have yet to be identified, despite intense public interest in the matter. Here we use a combination of field experimentation, genetic analysis and demographic data to show that a reduction in winter food supply caused by agricultural(More)
1 Science and Knowledge Division, Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA 2 Department of Natural Resources Conservation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA 3 WoodrowWilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA 4 WoodrowWilson School of Public(More)
The world is facing an increased threat from new and emerging diseases, and there is concern that climate change will expand areas suitable for transmission of vector borne diseases. The likelihood of vivax malaria returning to the UK was explored using two markedly different modelling approaches. First, a simple temperature-dependent, process-based model(More)
International policy is placing increasing emphasis on adaptation to climate change, including the allocation of new funds to assist adaptation efforts. Climate change adaptation funding may be most effective where it meets integrated goals, but global geographic priorities based on multiple development and ecological criteria are not well characterized.(More)
The importance of ecosystems for supporting human well-being is increasingly recognized by both the conservation and development sectors. Our ability to conserve ecosystems that people rely on is often limited by a lack of spatially explicit data on the location and distribution of ecosystem services (ES), the benefits provided by nature to people. Thus(More)