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BACKGROUND Suspected genetic causes for extracellular matrix (ECM) dysregulation in the ascending aorta in patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) have influenced strategies and thresholds for surgical resection of BAV aortopathy. Using 4-dimensional (4D) flow cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), we have documented increased regional wall shear(More)
Following myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac myofibroblasts remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM), preventing mechanical complications. However, prolonged myofibroblast activity leads to dysregulation of the ECM, maladaptive remodeling, fibrosis, and heart failure (HF). Chronic inflammation is believed to drive persistent myofibroblast activity; however,(More)
Tissue fibrosis and chamber remodeling is a hallmark of the failing heart and the final common pathway for heart failure of diverse etiologies. Sustained elevation of pro-fibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFβ1) induces cardiac myofibroblast-mediated fibrosis and progressive structural tissue remodeling. We examined the effects of low(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This focused review summarizes key insights from the past 12 months of basic science and clinical research on bicuspid aortic valve (BAV)-associated aortopathy. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies in BAV-associated aortopathy support a heterogeneous spectrum of disease with distinct phenotypes. Basic science studies provide further support(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) maintains a reservoir of bioactive growth factors and matricellular proteins that provide bioinductive effects on local cells that influence phenotype and behaviors. Bioactive acellular ECM scaffolds can be used therapeutically to stimulate adaptive tissue repair. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) attenuates transforming growth(More)
We read with great interest the paper by Guzzardi et al. (1), which reported that the regions of increased wall shear stress showed greater medial elastin degradation compared with adjacent areas with normal wall shear stress in the ascending aorta of bicuspid aortic valve patients. It is reported that the heterogeneity or discontinuity of the physical(More)
BACKGROUND Infarcted myocardium can remodel after successful reperfusion, resulting in left ventricular dilation and heart failure. Epicardial infarct repair (EIR) using a bioinductive extracellular matrix (ECM) biomaterial is a novel surgical approach to promote endogenous myocardial repair and functional recovery after myocardial infarction. Using a(More)
to refine its computational length scales in regions of interest by using knowledge of the basic equations of flow. Integration of in situ measurement with computer modeling has a long history in weather forecasting (5), in which atmospheric fluid dynamics is computationally simulated using wind velocity, temperature, and humidity measured at a large number(More)
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital cardiac malformation affecting 1-2% of people. BAV results from fusion of two adjacent aortic valve cusps, and is associated with dilatation of the aorta, known as bicuspid valve associated aortopathy. Bicuspid valve aortopathy is progressive and associated with catastrophic clinical events, such as aortic(More)
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