David G Guzzardi

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BACKGROUND Suspected genetic causes for extracellular matrix (ECM) dysregulation in the ascending aorta in patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) have influenced strategies and thresholds for surgical resection of BAV aortopathy. Using 4-dimensional (4D) flow cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), we have documented increased regional wall shear(More)
Following myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac myofibroblasts remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM), preventing mechanical complications. However, prolonged myofibroblast activity leads to dysregulation of the ECM, maladaptive remodeling, fibrosis, and heart failure (HF). Chronic inflammation is believed to drive persistent myofibroblast activity; however,(More)
Tissue fibrosis and chamber remodeling is a hallmark of the failing heart and the final common pathway for heart failure of diverse etiologies. Sustained elevation of pro-fibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFβ1) induces cardiac myofibroblast-mediated fibrosis and progressive structural tissue remodeling. We examined the effects of low(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This focused review summarizes key insights from the past 12 months of basic science and clinical research on bicuspid aortic valve (BAV)-associated aortopathy. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies in BAV-associated aortopathy support a heterogeneous spectrum of disease with distinct phenotypes. Basic science studies provide further support(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) maintains a reservoir of bioactive growth factors and matricellular proteins that provide bioinductive effects on local cells that influence phenotype and behaviors. Bioactive acellular ECM scaffolds can be used therapeutically to stimulate adaptive tissue repair. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) attenuates transforming growth(More)
BACKGROUND Infarcted myocardium can remodel after successful reperfusion, resulting in left ventricular dilation and heart failure. Epicardial infarct repair (EIR) using a bioinductive extracellular matrix (ECM) biomaterial is a novel surgical approach to promote endogenous myocardial repair and functional recovery after myocardial infarction. Using a(More)
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