David G. Gorenstein

Learn More
Obesity is a disorder of energy balance. Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) mediates the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol, the major form of stored energy in the body. Perilipin (encoded by the gene Plin), an adipocyte protein, has been postulated to modulate HSL activity. We show here that targeted disruption of Plin results in healthy mice that have(More)
Active targeting of a drug carrier to a specific target site is crucial to provide a safe and efficient delivery of therapeutics and imaging contrast agents. E-selectin expression is induced on the endothelial cell surface of vessels in response to inflammatory stimuli but is absent in the normal vessels. Thus, E-selectin is an attractive molecular target,(More)
The solution structure of domain III from the New York West Nile virus strain 385-99 (WN-rED3) has been determined by NMR methods. The West Nile domain III structure is a beta-barrel structure formed from seven anti-parallel beta-strands in two beta-sheets. One anti-parallel beta-sheet consists of beta-strands beta1 (Phe(299)-Asp(307)), beta2(More)
A PCR method for uniform amplification of a random sequence DNA library is described. A combination of 1 M betaine and 5% DMSO improves the PCR amplification by increasing the ratio of full-length products to shortened products, which are a consequence of nonuniform amplification due to stable secondary structures in the templates. This method is expected(More)
A phosphorothioate single-stranded DNA aptamer (thioaptamer) targeting transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) was isolated by in-vitro combinatorial selection. The aptamer selection procedure was designed to modify the backbone of single-stranded DNA aptamers, where 5' of both A and C are phosphorothioates, since this provides enhanced nuclease(More)
Phosphorylation plays a key role in regulating many signaling pathways. Although studies investigating the phosphorylated forms of signaling pathways are now commonplace, global analysis of protein phosphorylation and kinase activity has lagged behind genomics and proteomics. We have used a kinomics approach to study the effect of virus infection on host(More)
The family Arenaviridae includes several National Institutes of Allergy and Infections Diseases category A select agents which cause hemorrhagic fever. There are few vaccines available, and treatment is limited to ribavirin, which varies in efficacy. Development of new antiviral compounds has been hindered by a lack of understanding of the molecular basis(More)
In certain water suppression experiments, the residual water, which comes from a region away from the center of the RF coil and experiences a much smaller flip angle than the designed one, may appear. The residual water in the WET sequence can be reduced significantly by using a composite 90(x)( degrees )90(y)( degrees )90(-x)( degrees )90(-y)( degrees )(More)
Methyl phosphonate oligonucleotides have been used as antisense and antigene agents. Substitution of a methyl group for oxygen in the phosphate ester backbone introduces a new chiral center. Significant differences in physical properties and hybridization abilities are observed between the R(p) and S(p) diastereomers. Chirally pure methylphosphonate(More)
We have used 2D 1H NMR to determine the structure of glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide bound to a dodecylphosphocholine micelle. In this membranelike environment, the peptide hormone is shown to have a structure similar to that observed for glucagon. It consists of an N-terminal random coil segment (residues 1-7), two helical segments (7-14 and 18-29),(More)