David G Cran

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Field trials were conducted to increase fertility with AI of flow-sorted, sexed bovine sperm. In the first trial, a novel competitive fertilization approach was used to compare pressures (30psi vs 50psi) for sorting sperm. Both X- and Y-sperm were sorted to approximately 95% purity at 30 and at 50psi; X-50+Y-30 (and the converse) were mixed in equal numbers(More)
Embryonic development entails a well defined temporal and spatial programme of gene expression, which may be influenced by active chromosomal domains. These chromosomal domains can be detected using transgenes which integrate randomly throughout the genome, as their expression can be affected by chromosomal position. Position effects are probably exerted(More)
Data from inseminating 1,000 heifers consecutively with sexed sperm and 370 heifers with control sperm in 11 small field trials are summarized. Semen was from 22 bulls of unknown fertility of various beef and dairy breeds, and 6 inseminators participated. Freshly collected sperm were sexed using a MoFlo flow cytometer/cell sorter after staining sperm with(More)
Experiments were designed to maximize sperm viability after sorting by flow cytometry and cryopreservation. Experiments concerned staining sperm with Hoechst 33342 dye, subsequent dilution, interrogation with laser light, and postsort concentration of sperm. Concentrating sorted sperm by centrifugation to 10 to 20 x 10(6) sperm/ml reduced adverse effects of(More)
An attractive feature of IVF is that fewer sexed sperm are needed than for artificial insemination. However, sperm sexed by flow cytometry/cell sorting are probably pre-capacitated, necessitating modifications to standard IVF systems for optimal success. With current procedures, the percentages of oocytes fertilized with sorted and unsorted frozen bovine(More)
A study was carried out to determine whether pig cortical granules (CGs) could be visualized using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled lectins. Following labelling with FITC-labelled peanut agglutinin (FITC-PNA), fluorescent spots were observed that had a distribution during maturation and fertilization entirely consistent with that observed by(More)