David G. Cornwell

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We conducted a pilot study to determine whether: (1) high levels of energy intake increase glioma risk; (2) the previously observed relationship between cured meat consumption and glioma risk can be attributed to confounding by energy intake, and (3) alpha-tocopherol modifies caloric intake and gamma-tocopherol modifies cured meat consumption. We identified(More)
Primary cultures of smooth muscle cells were established from the medial layer of guinea pig aorta. Confluent cells at passage level 4–6 were challenged with arachidonic acid and treated with a number of antioxidants and inhibitors of specific lipid peroxidation pathways. Lipid peroxidation was measured by the thiobarbituric acid test for malondialdehyde(More)
Ratios of the lipid monolayer area to the erythrocyte surface area are 2:1 at low surface pressures and approach 1: 1 at collapse pressures. Un saturated phospholipids in cholesterol-phospholipid complexes of membrane ex tracts resemble their saturated derivatives at collapse pressures. Area ratio and phospholipid area data are related by an equation that(More)
Lipid peroxidation was measured by the thio-barbituric assay for malondialdehyde (MDA). A small amount of MDA was formed when medial cells from guinea pig aorta were grown in tissue culture. The polyunsaturated fatty acids 8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, and 7,10,13,16-docosatetraenoic acid generated significant amounts of MDA(More)
Prostaglandin biosynthesis from eicosa-8, 11, 14-trienoic acid in microsomes from bovine seminal vesicles is inhibited by relatively high concentrations of hydroxyl radical scavengers: dimethyl sulfoxide, n- and t-butanol, and methional. Methional is a more effective scavenger than t-butanol and dimethyl sulfoxide, two compounds which are more miscible with(More)
Both cyclosporine and bacterial lipopolysaccharide enhance prostanoid synthesis and regulate the immune response. This study was designed to establish whether these agents affect prostanoid synthesis by common or different mechanisms. CsA and LPS stimulate prostanoid synthesis both in human monocytes and smooth muscle cells from guinea pig aorta. Only LPS(More)
dl-alpha-Tocopherol spread on an acidic subphase as a gaseous monolayer was oxidized slowly to a derivative that was identified by thin-layer chromatography as alpha-tocopherylquinone. The derivative generated the same II-A isotherm as alpha-tocopherylquinone. When the subphase contained gold chloride, alpha-tocopherol was oxidized rapidly and(More)
Saturated and unsaturated fatty aldehydes were prepared in good yield by the reduction of acid chlorides with lithium aluminum tri-t-butoxy hydride. Saturated odd and even numbered aldehydes were prepared by the ozonolysis-reduction of 1-alkenes. Ozonides were hydrogenated with a Lindlar catalyst or reduced with dimethyl sulfide. Several diols, including(More)
Olive oil is the essential component of the Mediterranean diet, a nutritional regimen gaining ever-increasing renown for its beneficial effects on inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. A unique characteristic of olive oil is its enrichment in oleuropein, a member of the secoiridoid family, which hydrolyzes to the catechol hydroxytyrosol and(More)