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Kummell's disease is a rare spinal disorder characterized as avascular necrosis of a vertebral body occurring in a delayed fashion after minor trauma. The disease derives its name from the German surgeon Hermann Kummell, who described a series of patients with the disorder in 1895. Kummell's disease is distinguished from typical osteoporotic compression(More)
Bone mineral density of the radius was measured by single-photon absorptiometry in 50 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Thirty-three had Crohn's disease and 17 ulcerative colitis; 25 were women. The mean age was 45 years (range, 18-70 years). Measurements were repeated in 39 of them after a mean follow-up period of 7.9 years (range, 7.1-8.2 years).(More)
A non-invasive method of estimating liver blood flow by a two-compartment pharmacokinetic model of the plasma clearance of indocyanine green has been previously described in normal animals and patients without liver disease. This non-invasive technique has been compared with the conventional method of measuring liver blood flow by hepatic vein(More)
The Birmingham liver transplant programme started in 1982. Forty-six patients have been transplanted with a follow-up of 3 months or longer. Twenty-seven patients are still alive, of whom sixteen have lived for more than one year. The 30 day hospital mortality was 30.4 per cent and the actuarial predicted one year survival 55.5 per cent. Four patients have(More)
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have an increased prevalence of osteoporosis, and suffer high rates of spinal bone loss. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is effective in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis but has not been studied in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. A two year prospective study of HRT in inflammatory bowel(More)
Epithelioid haemangioendothelioma of the liver is an extremely rare tumour which has only recently been recognised. This report describes the clinical, radiological and histological findings in a case of a primary epithelioid haemangioendothelioma of the liver. The case highlights some of the difficulties in establishing the diagnosis, and in its(More)
Features of rejection were found in 21 needle biopsies obtained from seven patients after liver transplantation. Wedge biopsies taken peroperatively were used as a baseline for comparison. Rejection was diagnosed by excluding other known causes of graft dysfunction using appropriate methods. In cases in which these criteria were fulfilled a consistent(More)
Serial measurements of spinal trabecular and radial cortical bone density were made over 4 years in 70 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Mean rates of bone loss for the cohort differed little from rates reported in normal populations; however, some patients showed increased rates of loss, including patients whose bone density at entry to the study(More)