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BACKGROUND We conducted a study to determine whether dutasteride reduces the risk of incident prostate cancer, as detected on biopsy, among men who are at increased risk for the disease. METHODS In this 4-year, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, we compared dutasteride, at a dose of 0.5 mg daily, with placebo.(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of lymph node metastasis is a poor prognostic sign for patients with prostate carcinoma. Results of published reports on survival among patients with lymph node metastasis are difficult to assess because of treatment selections. The extent to which lymph node status will have an impact on a patient's survival is uncertain. METHODS(More)
Prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia (PIN, or intraductal dysplasia) is considered a precursor of invasive carcinoma, characterized by proliferation and anaplasia of cells lining prostatic ducts and acini. The highest grade of PIN, Grade 3, is thought to represent carcinoma in situ. To quantitate the degree of disruption of the basal cell layer in human(More)
OBJECTIVE The ongoing REDUCE trial is a 4-yr, phase 3, placebo-controlled study to determine if daily dutasteride 0.5mg reduces the risk of biopsy detectable prostate cancer. Prostate biopsies performed in all men prior to entry were centrally reviewed, thus allowing an examination of the relationship between inflammatory changes and lower urinary tract(More)
BACKGROUND The TNM staging system originated as a response to the need for an accurate, consistent, universal cancer outcome prediction system. Since the TNM staging system was introduced in the 1950s, new prognostic factors have been identified and new methods for integrating prognostic factors have been developed. This study compares the prediction(More)
In the past 10 years, several new renal tumors have been identified. Some have been reviewed in this article, and others have been reviewed elsewhere in this issue. Most have been included in the 2004 edition of the WHO classification of tumors of the urinary system and male genital organs. Tubulocystic carcinoma needs to be studied and characterized more(More)
BACKGROUND Molecules that are highly expressed by human prostate cancers may serve as therapeutically relevant targets or tumor markers. Tyrosine kinases are frequently overexpressed in metastatic tumor cells and this prompted us to screen for tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in prostate cancer cells. METHODS Expression levels of the EphA2 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND The correlation of surgical margins and extraprostatic extension (EPE) with progression is uncertain with regard to prostate carcinoma patients treated by radical prostatectomy. The objective of this study was to define factors predictive of cancer progression; emphasis was placed on surgical margins and their relation to extraprostatic(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinosarcoma of the prostate is an unusual malignancy characterized by adenocarcinoma intimately admixed with sarcoma. METHODS The authors reviewed the clinical and pathologic findings of 21 cases of carcinosarcoma of the prostate from the files of the Mayo Clinic. RESULTS Patient age ranged from 50 to 89 years (mean, 68 years). Ten(More)