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BACKGROUND We conducted a study to determine whether dutasteride reduces the risk of incident prostate cancer, as detected on biopsy, among men who are at increased risk for the disease. METHODS In this 4-year, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, we compared dutasteride, at a dose of 0.5 mg daily, with placebo.(More)
BACKGROUND The TNM staging system originated as a response to the need for an accurate, consistent, universal cancer outcome prediction system. Since the TNM staging system was introduced in the 1950s, new prognostic factors have been identified and new methods for integrating prognostic factors have been developed. This study compares the prediction(More)
We have isolated a prostate-specific gene (NKX3.1) in humans that is homologous to the Drosophila NK homeobox gene family. Northern blot analyses indicate that this gene is expressed at high levels in adult prostate and at a much lower level in testis, but is expressed little or not at all in several other tissues. In an androgen-dependent prostate(More)
Aberrant or increased expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases including carcinogenesis. COX-2 has been shown to be over-expressed in some human cancers. Employing semi-quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry we assessed COX-2 expression in samples of pair-matched(More)
PURPOSE Chemoprevention may significantly impact the natural history of prostate cancer. The most potent intraprostatic androgen, dihydrotestosterone, has a significant role in the pathophysiology of prostate cancer. It represents a biologically plausible target for chemoprevention through the inhibition of 5alpha-reductase isoenzymes. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Molecules that are highly expressed by human prostate cancers may serve as therapeutically relevant targets or tumor markers. Tyrosine kinases are frequently overexpressed in metastatic tumor cells and this prompted us to screen for tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in prostate cancer cells. METHODS Expression levels of the EphA2 receptor(More)
Prostatic carcinoma (PCa) is a significant cause of cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide. Accurate staging is critical for prognosis assessment and treatment planning for PCa. Despite the large volume of clinical activity and research, the challenge to define the most appropriate and clinically relevant staging system remains. The pathologically complex(More)
OBJECTIVES Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an integral membrane protein highly specific for the prostate. PSMA may be clinically useful for predicting outcome in patients with prostate cancer. We compared the expression of PSMA in prostate adenocarcinoma and lymph node metastases in a large series of patients with node-positive cancer. (More)
BACKGROUND Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSM) is a membrane-bound antigen that is highly specific for benign and malignant prostate epithelial cells. Its expression in high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) has not been compared with that in prostate carcinoma. METHODS The authors performed an immunohistochemical study of(More)
The development and progression of human prostate cancer is associated with genetic abnormalities in tumor cells. Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes due to allelic loss is thought to be an important mechanism of gene alteration in prostatic neoplasms. In this study we examined allelic loss on chromosome 8p12-21 in microdissected samples of normal(More)