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BACKGROUND The TNM staging system originated as a response to the need for an accurate, consistent, universal cancer outcome prediction system. Since the TNM staging system was introduced in the 1950s, new prognostic factors have been identified and new methods for integrating prognostic factors have been developed. This study compares the prediction(More)
Androgens are required for the normal development and function of the prostate gland. Prostate cancer and benign pros-tatic hyperplasia are common in men and develop in an environment of continuous androgen exposure. The utility of andro-gen deprivation as a treatment for advanced prostate cancer was first demonstrated in 1941 (1), and many new classes of(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium enhancement as a noninvasive method to image the extent of ablation after minimally invasive treatment. Minimally invasive methods for ablating prostatic tissue have emerged as a viable option in the treatment of prostate disease. As these devices enter the mainstream of(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-inhibiting drugs have antitumor activity in canine and rodent models of urinary bladder cancer. Two isoenzymes of COX have been identified, COX-1 and COX-2. The purpose of this study was to characterize COX-1 and COX-2 expression in human invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder by immunohistochemistry and Western(More)
BACKGROUND Chromosome 8 alterations, including loss of 8p21-22 and gain of 8q24, are commonly observed in prostate carcinoma. We examined whether these alterations are associated with poor prognosis in prostate cancer. METHODS We used dual-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization and DNA probes for 8p22 (lipoprotein lipase gene), centromere 8 (8cen), and(More)
  • J M Cunningham, A Shan, +8 authors S N Thibodeau
  • 1996
Although prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies of males in Western countries, relatively little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in tumor initiation and progression. Allelic loss studies have suggested the involvement of multiple tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), but few detailed studies of all chromosomes have been performed.(More)
Gleason grading is now the most widely used grading system for prostatic carcinoma in the United States. However, there are only a few studies of the interobserver reproducibility of this system, and no extensive study of interobserver reproducibility among a large number of experienced urologic pathologists exists. Forty-six needle biopsies containing(More)
Tumour volume was related to metastasis, seminal vesicle invasion, capsule invasion, and histological differentiation in a series of 100 unselected prostates with carcinoma removed at necropsy and 38 removed at radical prostatectomy. All these variables were highly inter-related. In both series, metastases were associated only with tumours larger than 4 ml,(More)
Cytogenetic analyses have demonstrated that chromosome region 7q22-32 is commonly altered in prostate adenocarcinomas. In addition, in recent fluorescence in situ hybridization studies, we have observed that aneusomy of chromosome 7 is frequent in prostate cancer and is associated with higher tumor grade, advanced pathological stage, and early prostate(More)
The trace mineral selenium inhibits cancer development in a variety of experimental animal models. We used an in vivo canine model to evaluate the effects of dietary selenium supplementation on DNA damage in prostate tissue and on apoptosis in prostate epithelial cells. Sexually intact elderly male beagle dogs were randomly assigned to receive an(More)