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Recent feasibility studies involving children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) interacting with socially assistive robots have shown that some children have positive reactions to robots, while others may have negative reactions. It is unlikely that children with ASD will enjoy any robot 100% of the time. It is therefore important to develop methods for(More)
— In this work, we further test the hypothesis that physical embodiment has a measurable effect on performance and impression of social interactions. Support for this hypothesis would suggest fundamental differences between virtual agents and robots from a social standpoint and would have significant implications for human-robot interaction. We have refined(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is a great deal of success in rehabilitative robotics applied to patient recovery post stroke, most of the research to date has dealt with providing physical assistance. However, new rehabilitation studies support the theory that not all therapy need be hands-on. We describe a new area, called socially assistive robotics, that(More)
— Autonomous robots are agents with physical bodies that share our environment. In this work, we test the hypothesis that physical embodiment has a measurable effect on performance and perception of social interactions. Support of this hypothesis would suggest fundamental differences between virtual agents and robots from a social standpoint and have(More)
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have communication deficits and difficulties with social interaction. A lack of social behavior can hamper therapeutic interventions and can diminish the ability to learn social skills. Robots have been shown to provoke proactive social behavior in children with ASD. We are developing robot systems capable of(More)
Our research is the exploration of the social effects of human-robot interaction (HRI) on children with ASD, a population that has deficiencies in many types of social behavior. Computers and robots have been shown to be a catalyst for increased social interaction in children with ASD, yet that effect requires further study to be effectively employed as a(More)
— Achieving and maintaining user engagement is a key goal of human-robot interaction. This paper presents a method for determining user engagement state from physiological data (including galvanic skin response and skin temperature). In the reported study, physiological data were measured while participants played a wire puzzle game moderated by either a(More)
We describe our approach to enabling hands-on experiential robotics for all ages through the introduction of a robot programming workbook and robot test-bed. We describe the vision and motivation for the project, and then the details of the robot hardware, software, and the accompanying workbook and textbook materials. Together, these resources are aimed at(More)
Robots have been developed for several assistive technology domains, including intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders, eldercare, and post-stroke rehabilitation. Assistive robots have also been used to promote independent living through the use of devices such as intelligent wheelchairs, assistive robotic arms, and external limb prostheses. Work in the(More)
— This paper describes an extended (6-session) interaction between an ethnically and geographically diverse group of 26 first-grade children and the DragonBot robot in the context of learning about healthy food choices. We find that children demonstrate a high level of enjoyment when interacting with the robot, and a statistically significant increase in(More)