Learn More
OBJECTIVE To assess the true prevalence of congenital complete heart block (CCHB) in infants of anti-Ro/SSA-positive women known to have connective tissue disease (CTD) and, secondarily, to evaluate the prevalence of other electrocardiographic abnormalities in these newborns at birth. METHODS A prospective study was conducted in 4 referral hospitals. One(More)
Rheumatic diseases in women of childbearing years may necessitate drug treatment during a pregnancy, to control maternal disease activity and to ensure a successful pregnancy outcome. This survey is based on a consensus workshop of international experts discussing effects of anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and biological drugs during pregnancy and(More)
We have prospectively followed 25 pregnancies in 21 patients: 20 were affected by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 1 by subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE). A flexible treatment schedule was applied to the follow-up of all the pregnancies, and included low dose aspirin, steroids at medium-low dosage and, if needed, azathioprine (AZA) after(More)
OBJECTIVES In order to prevent abnormalities of fetal growth still characterizing pregnancies complicated by Gestational Diabetes (GDM), in the present study we evaluated a therapeutic strategy for GDM based on ultrasound (US) measurement of fetal insulin-sensitive tissues. METHODS All GDM women diagnosed before 28th week immediately started diet and(More)
If a woman suffers from autoimmune disease (AD), several factors can affect pregnancy or neonatal outcome: repeated spontaneous pregnancy losses (frequently related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)), neonatal lupus with complete congenital heart block (CHB) (linked to transplacental passage of IgG anti Ro/SS-A antibodies) and the disease activity itself(More)
A statistical analysis and computational algorithm for comparing pairs of tool marks via profilometry data is described. Empirical validation of the method is established through experiments based on tool marks made at selected fixed angles from 50 sequentially manufactured screwdriver tips. Results obtained from three different comparison scenarios are(More)
PROBLEM To determine which autoantibodies are associated with reproductive failure. METHOD OF STUDY Sera from 269 patients with autoimmune disease and/or reproductive failure were analyzed for anti-phospholipid (aPL), anti-annexin-V, anti-lactoferrin, anti-thyroglobulin, anti-thyroid peroxidase, anti-prothrombin, anti-nuclear, and anti-saccharomycetes(More)
Estimating the noise parameter in magnitude magnetic resonance (MR) images is important in a wide range of applications. We propose an automatic noise estimation method that does not rely on a substantial proportion of voxels being from the background. Specifically, we model the magnitude of the observed signal as a mixture of Rice distributions with common(More)
As a consequence of the general improvement in the diagnosis and management of rheumatic diseases, patients achieve a better quality of life, with the possibility of a normal family life including one or more pregnancies. It is important, therefore, to consider the psychological aspects of these mothers' life and the influence of their chronic disease on(More)