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It is now more than 15 years since the molecular structures of the major prostanoid receptors were elucidated. Since then, substantial progress has been achieved with respect to distribution and function, signal transduction mechanisms, and the design of agonists and antagonists (http://www.iuphar-db.org/DATABASE/FamilyIntroductionForward?familyId=58). This(More)
Identification of the primary products of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)/prostaglandin synthase(s), which occurred between 1958 and 1976, was followed by a classification system for prostanoid receptors (DP, EP(1), EP(2) ...) based mainly on the pharmacological actions of natural and synthetic agonists and a few antagonists. The design of potent selective(More)
A cDNA that when expressed has the binding and functional characteristics of the pharmacologically defined EP2 prostaglandin (PG) receptor [Cardiovasc. Drug Rev. 11:165-179 (1993)] has been cloned from a human placenta library. This clone, known as Hup-4, encodes a protein of 358 amino acids that has only approximately 30% overall identity with other PG(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and Cyr61 (cysteine-rich angiogenic protein 61) are members of the CCN gene family that encode multifunctional, extracellular matrix-associated signaling proteins. Because the mechanism of action of certain anti-glaucoma drugs involves extracellular matrix remodeling of ocular ciliary muscle, with a resultant increase(More)
Cannabinoid CB(1) receptors are involved in ocular physiology and may regulate intraocular pressure (IOP). However, endocannabinoid levels in human ocular tissues of cornea, iris, ciliary body, retina, and choroid from normal and glaucomatous donors have not been investigated. Anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine; AEA), 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and(More)
On studying the interaction of various ligands with the pharmacologically defined, recombinant human EP2 receptor (Regan et al., Mol Pharmacol 46: 213-220, 1994), we discovered that the putative EP1 receptor antagonist 6-isopropoxy-9-oxoxanthene-2-carboxylic acid (AH 6809) also has affinity for the human EP2 receptor. Moreover, AH 6809 behaved as an EP2(More)
PURPOSE To investigate long-term changes in the anterior segment of primate eyes treated for one year with different prostaglandin agonists and a prostamide. The results were compared with those obtained after vehicle treatment and in untreated controls. METHODS Sixteen young cynomolgus monkeys were unilaterally topically treated for 1 year with either(More)
Bimatoprost (Lumigan) is a pharmacologically unique and highly efficacious ocular hypotensive agent. It appears to mimic the activity of a newly discovered family of fatty acid amides, termed prostamides. One biosynthetic route to the prostamides involves anandamide as the precursor. Bimatoprost pharmacology has been extensively characterized by binding and(More)
PURPOSE Despite structural similarity with prostaglandin F(2 alpha), the ocular hypotensive agent bimatoprost (Lumigan; Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA) shows unique pharmacology in vitro and functional activity in vivo. Unfortunately, the precise mechanisms that underlie bimatoprost's distinctive impact on aqueous humor dynamics are unclear. The purpose of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A prostamide analogue, bimatoprost, has been shown to be effective in reducing intraocular pressure, but its precise mechanism of action remains unclear. Hence, to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of this effect of bimatoprost, we focused on pharmacologically characterizing prostaglandin FP receptor (FP) and FP receptor variant(More)