Learn More
Changing arterial oxygen content (C(aO(2))) has a highly sensitive influence on the rate of peripheral locomotor muscle fatigue development. We examined the effects of C(aO(2)) on exercise performance and its interaction with peripheral quadriceps fatigue. Eight trained males performed four 5 km cycling time trials (power output voluntarily adjustable) at(More)
1. We recently showed that fatigue of the inspiratory muscles via voluntary efforts caused a time-dependent increase in limb muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) (St Croix et al. 2000). We now asked whether limb muscle vasoconstriction and reduction in limb blood flow also accompany inspiratory muscle fatigue. 2. In six healthy human subjects at rest,(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the human diaphragm, like limb muscle, has a threshold of force output at which a metaboreflex is activated causing systemic vasoconstriction. We used Doppler ultrasound techniques to quantify leg blood flow (Q(L)) and utilized the changes in mouth twitch pressure (DeltaP(M)T) in response to bilateral(More)
We investigated whether the inspiratory muscles affect maximal incremental exercise performance using a placebo-controlled, crossover design. Six cyclists each performed six incremental exercise tests. For three trials, subjects exercised with proportional assist ventilation (PAV). For the remaining three trials, subjects underwent sham respiratory muscle(More)
We investigated the role of somatosensory feedback on cardioventilatory responses to rhythmic exercise in five men. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled design, subjects performed the same leg cycling exercise (50/100/150/325 ± 19 W, 3 min each) under placebo conditions (interspinous saline, L(3)-L(4)) and with lumbar intrathecal fentanyl impairing central(More)
We investigated whether somatosensory feedback from contracting limb muscles exerts an inhibitory influence on the determination of central command during closed-loop cycling exercise in which the subject voluntarily determines his second-by-second central motor drive. Eight trained cyclists performed two 5-km time trials either without (5K(Ctrl)) or with(More)
The effect of arterial O2 content (Ca(O2)) on quadriceps fatigue was assessed in healthy, trained male athletes. On separate days, eight participants completed three constant-workload trials on a bicycle ergometer at fixed workloads (314 +/- 13 W). The first trial was performed while the subjects breathed a hypoxic gas mixture [inspired O2 fraction (Fi(O2))(More)
We hypothesized that severe hypoxia limits exercise performance via decreased contractility of limb locomotor muscles. Nine male subjects [mean +/- SE maximum O(2) uptake (Vo(2 max)) = 56.5 +/- 2.7 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)] cycled at > or =90% Vo(2 max) to exhaustion in normoxia [NORM-EXH; inspired O(2) fraction (Fi(O(2))) = 0.21, arterial O(2) saturation(More)
The effect of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) on quadriceps muscle fatigue was assessed in 11 male endurance-trained subjects [peak O2 uptake (VO2 peak) = 56.4 +/- 2.8 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1); mean +/- SE]. Subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at >or=90% VO2 peak) to exhaustion (13.2 +/- 0.8 min), during which time arterial O2 saturation(More)
We previously compared the effects of increased respiratory muscle work during whole body exercise and at rest on diaphragmatic fatigue and showed that the amount of diaphragmatic force output required to cause fatigue was reduced significantly during exercise (Babcock et al., J Appl Physiol 78: 1710, 1995). In this study, we use positive-pressure(More)