David F. Maynard

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The C-14 epimers of vitamin D, 14-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (4) and 14-epi-1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (5), were synthesized, and their isomerization via [1,7]-sigmatropic hydrogen shifts to the corresponding previtamin forms (4' and 5', respectively) was studied. The activation parameters of the [1,7]-sigmatropic hydrogen shifts were found to be similar(More)
Several insecticidal compounds have been identified by bioassaydriven fractionation of avocado, Persea americana Mill, idioblast cell oil. A flash chromatography fraction of the oil showed substantial toxicity to early instars of the generalist insect herbivore, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (100% mortality after seven days). Following further fractionation,(More)
The insecticidal activity of five alkylfurans against the generalist insect herbivore beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, was examined. Two naturally occurring compounds, the avocadofurans 2-(pentadecyl)furan (1) and 2-(heptadecyl)furan (2), previously isolated from specialized avocado idioblast oil cells, and three homologues, 2-(tetradecyl)furan (3),(More)
The importance of the double bonds in the furan ring of avocadofurans with relation to their insecticidal activity was examined. The insecticidal activity of two naturally occurring avocadofurans, 2-(pentadecyl)furan and 2-(heptadecyl)furan, was compared to the toxicity of five tetrahydrofurans with alkyl chains at position 2 and varying side chains from 14(More)
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