David F. Herridge

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Biological dinitrogen (N2) fixation is a natural process of significant importance in world agriculture. The demand for accurate determinations of global inputs of biologically-fixed nitrogen (N) is strong and will continue to be fuelled by the need to understand and effectively manage the global N cycle. In this paper we review and update long-standing and(More)
A fundamental shift has taken place in agricultural research and world food production. In the past, the principal driving force was to increase the yield potential of food crops and to maximize productivity. Today, the drive for productivity is increasingly combined with a desire for sustainability. For farming systems to remain productive, and to be(More)
Quantifying below-ground nitrogen (N) of legumes is fundamental to understanding their effects on soil mineral N fertility and on the N economies of following or companion crops in legume-based rotations. Methodologies based on 15N shoot-labelling with subsequent measurement of 15N in recovered plant parts (shoots and roots) and in the root-zone soil have(More)
Data collated from around the world indicate that, for every tonne of shoot dry matter produced by crop legumes, the symbiotic relationship with rhizobia is responsible for fixing, on average on a whole plant basis (shoots and nodulated roots), the equivalent of 30–40 kg of nitrogen (N). Consequently, factors that directly influence legume growth (e.g.(More)
The relationship between the relative abundance of ureides ([ureide-N/ureide-N plus nitrate-N] x 100) in the shoot axis (stems plus petioles), nodulated roots and leaflets of "Bragg" soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) and the symbiotic dependence of these plants was examined under glass-house conditions. Plants, inoculated with effective Rhizobium japonicum(More)
Nitrogen fixation by field-grown soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) was assessed by the natural (15)N abundance and ureide methods. The field sites (five) and genotypes (six, plus two levels of inoculation on Bragg) were chosen to provide a range of proportions of plant N derived from nitrogen fixation (P). Genotypes K466, K468, nts1007, and nts1116 and(More)
Atmospheric N2 fixed symbiotically by associations between Rhizobium spp. and legumes represents a renewable source of N for agriculture. Contribution of legume N2 fixation to the N-economy of any ecosystem is mediated by: (i) legume reliance upon N2 fixation for growth, and (ii) the total amount of legume-N accumulated. Strategies that change the numbers(More)
Rhizobial inoculants have been used successfully in world agriculture for about 100 years. About 20 million ha crop and pasture legumes are inoculated in the world each year, although that figure could be increased if high-quality inoculants were available to all farmers. The characteristics of a high-quality inoculant relate to the properties of the(More)