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1. Long chain fatty acids have recently been identified as agonists for the G protein-coupled receptors GPR40 and GPR120. Here, we present the first description of GW9508, a small-molecule agonist of the fatty acid receptors GPR40 and GPR120. In addition, we also describe the pharmacology of GW1100, a selective GPR40 antagonist. These molecules were used to(More)
The first report on the identification and structure-activity relationships of a novel series of GPR40 agonists based on a 3-(4-{[N-alkyl]amino}phenyl)propanoic acid template is described. Structural modifications to the original screening hit yielded compounds with a 100-fold increase in potency at the human GPR40 receptor and pEC(50)s in the low nanomolar(More)
This study utilised the selective 5-ht(5A) receptor antagonist, SB-699551-A (3-cyclopentyl-N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N-[(4'-{[(2-phenylethyl)amino]methyl}-4-biphenylyl)methyl]propanamide dihydrochloride), to investigate 5-ht5A receptor function in guinea pig brain. SB-699551-A competitively antagonised 5-HT-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding to membranes(More)
In this paper, we present the first evidence of a role for the transcriptional regulator SlyA in the regulation of transcription of the Escherichia coli K5 capsule gene cluster and demonstrate, using a combination of reporter gene fusions, DNase I footprinting, and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, the dependence of transcription on the functional(More)
High-throughput screening of an array of biphenylmethylamines synthesised by high-throughput solid-phase chemistry resulted in the identification of compounds with high-affinity for the 5-ht5A receptor. The structure-activity relationship within this series and further array synthesis led to the identification of the biphenylmethylamine derivative 11, a(More)
We report here the identification and characterization of two zinc uptake systems, ZurAM and ZinABC, in the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Transcription of both operons was zinc responsive and regulated by the zinc-sensing repressor Zur. Deletion of either zurAM or zinA had no detectable effect on growth in defined media, but a double zurAM(More)
We have characterized the csoR-copA-copZ copper resistance operon of the important human intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Transcription of the operon is specifically induced by copper, and mutants lacking the P₁-type ATPase CopA have reduced copper tolerance and over-accumulate copper relative to wild type. The copper-responsive repressor CsoR(More)
High-throughput screening resulted in the identification of a series of novel motilin receptor agonists with relatively low molecular weights. The series originated from an array of biphenyl derivatives designed to target 7-transmembrane (7-TM) receptors. Further investigation of the structure-activity relationship within the series resulted in the(More)
Escherichia coli group 2 capsule gene clusters are temperature regulated, being expressed at 37 degrees C but not at 20 degrees C. Expression is regulated at the level of transcription by two convergent promoters, PR1 and PR3. In this paper, we show that regulation of transcription from PR3 involves a number of novel features including H-NS, SlyA, and a(More)