David F. Birks

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The literature on IT outsourcing is well-developed with distinct explanations of what may determine success. The context of IT outsourcing studies has primarily focused upon North American and European companies, seeking low-cost economies from links with developing nations to gain competitive advantage. These studies may not be generalisable to companies(More)
Geographical information systems (GIS) are becoming more prevalent in both day-today and strategic decision-making by retailers. Given the array of internal and external databases they use and integrate, and the human and organisational development needed, a most apposite description of how a GIS may be introduced for retailing decision-making is``system(More)
This paper presents a parsimonious framework to evaluate factors of GIS project implementation. The High Performance Equation proposed by Schermerhorn (Management for Productivity, Wiley, New York, 1984) is used to encapsulate the nature of ‘ability’, ‘effort’ and ‘support’ in successful implementation. This model is explained and its components elaborated.(More)
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are becoming more prevalent for retailers in their use for both day-to-day and strategic decision-making. Given the array of internal and external databases they use, as well as the amount of organisational development, system implementation is a most apposite description of how a GIS supports retailing(More)
Suppose that a person, call him Andrew, has a desire to drink a cup of tea. He boils the kettle, pours the hot water into the teacup, places the teacup on a side table, and sits down next to it to wait for the tea to brew. When Andrew looks away, and before he is able to satisfy his desire, Beata quickly pours Andrew’s tea into a nearby plant pot because(More)
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