David F. Birks

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Geographical information systems (GIS) are becoming more prevalent in both day-today and strategic decision-making by retailers. Given the array of internal and external databases they use and integrate, and the human and organisational development needed, a most apposite description of how a GIS may be introduced for retailing decision-making is``system(More)
The literature on IT outsourcing is well-developed with distinct explanations of what may determine success. The context of IT outsourcing studies has primarily focused upon North American and European companies, seeking low-cost economies from links with developing nations to gain competitive advantage. These studies may not be generalisable to companies(More)
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