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Growth factors synthesized by ovarian somatic cells directly affect oocyte growth and function, but it is unclear whether oocyte-secreted factors play a reciprocal role in modulating somatic cell functions in vivo. During the functional analysis of members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily in mouse development, we have uncovered a new(More)
BACKGROUND With improved prospects for the use of human oocyte in-vitro maturation in assisted reproductive technologies, the need to define more clearly the coordination of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation has arisen. METHODS Immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy were used to evaluate cell cycle-dependent modifications in chromatin and(More)
Cortical granules (CGs) undergo a substantial change in distribution in the mouse oocyte cortex during meiotic maturation. In order to determine the mechanism of their change in distribution near the time of ovulation, CG density, total number per oocyte, and domain areas were quantitated. CGs were visualized microscopically by Lens culinaris(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare in vitro maturation of cumulus-free oocytes in glucose-free medium (P1) and standard medium (TC199). DESIGN Prospective, cohort study. SETTING Assisted reproductive technology program. PATIENT(S) One hundred eight patients undergoing ICSI. INTERVENTION(S) Germinal vesicle-stage or metaphase I--stage oocytes were allocated to(More)
The disposition, function and fate of centrosomes were analysed in mouse oocytes undergoing in vitro meiotic maturation, using multiple-label fluorescence microscopy. Oocytes fixed at various points during meiotic progression were double labeled with either human centrosome-specific antibody, 5051, and anti-tubulin antibodies or 5051 and MPM-2 antibodies in(More)
Lanthanum tracer and freeze-fracture electron microscope techniques were used to study junctional complexes between granulosa cells during the differentiation of the rabbit ovarian follicle. For convenience we refer to cells encompassing the oocyte, before antrum and gap junction formation, as follicle cells. After the appearance of an antrum and gap(More)
Granulosa cells in ovarian follicles of rat, mouse, rabbit and hamster were studied by lanthanum tracer and freeze-fracture techniques. Abundant gap junctions exhibited striking intraspecific variation in size and pattern of particle aggregation. The smaller gap junctions showed close packing of the intramembranous A face particles. In large gap junctions,(More)
In human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes and lymphocytes, GSH-oxidizing agents promote the movement of surface-bound concanavalin A (Con A) into caps and inhibit the assembly of microtubules (MT) that is normally induced by Con A binding. Con A capping and inhibition of MT assembly occur when GSH levels in cell suspensions are decreased by(More)
Thin-section electron microscope analysis of rat and rabbit-cultured granulosa cells treated with concanavalin A (Con A) at 37 degrees C revealed coordinated changes in the cytoplasmic disposition of microfilaments, thick filaments, and microtubules during cap formation and internalization of lectin-receptor complexes. Con A-receptor clustering is(More)
Paracrine factors secreted by oocytes and somatic cells regulate many important aspects of early ovarian follicle development in mammals. From activation of dormant primordial follicles to selection of secondary follicles, locally acting factors have been identified that appear to exert important effects on the growth and differentiation of oocytes and(More)