David F. Abbott

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To address the extent to which functional connectivity measures an absolute brain state, we observed the effect of prior performance of a language task on resting-state networks in regions associated with language. Six subjects were imaged during rest before and after a block-design language task. Connectivity maps were generated for each of four language(More)
Activation of premotor and temporoparietal cortex occurs when we observe others movements, particularly relating to objects. Viewing the motion of different body parts without the context of an object has not been systematically evaluated. During a 3T fMRI study, 12 healthy subjects viewed human face, hand, and leg motion, which was not directed at or did(More)
The human amygdala plays a crucial role in processing affective information conveyed by sensory stimuli. Facial expressions of fear and anger, which both signal potential threat to an observer, result in significant increases in amygdala activity, even when the faces are unattended or presented briefly and masked. It has been suggested that afferent signals(More)
Using spike-triggered fMRI, we sought to document regional changes in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) activity associated with spontaneous generalised spike and slow-wave discharges (S&W). Five adult patients were studied who had idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE) and frequent S&W. EEG was recorded inside a 3T MRI, allowing acquisition of single,(More)
Recording the electroencephalogram (EEG) during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) permits the identification of haemodynamic changes associated with EEG events. However, subject motion within the MR scanner can cause unpredictable and frustrating artefacts on the EEG that may appear focally, bilaterally or unilaterally and can sometimes be(More)
An enduring issue with data-driven analysis and filtering methods is the interpretation of results. To assist, we present an automatic method for identification of artifact in independent components (ICs) derived from functional MRI (fMRI). The method was designed with the following features: does not require temporal information about an fMRI paradigm;(More)
PURPOSE Quantitative measurement of hippocampal volume using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a valuable tool for detection and lateralization of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE). We compare two automated hippocampal volume methodologies and manual hippocampal volumetry to determine which technique is most(More)
Physiological studies in humans and monkeys indicate that the posterior temporal cortex is active when viewing the movements of others. Here we tested the premise that this region integrates form and motion information by presenting both natural and line-drawn displays of moving faces and motion controls where motion was continuously presented in the same(More)
Facial expressions of emotion elicit increased activity in the human amygdala. Such increases are particularly evident for expressions that convey potential threat to the observer, and arise even when the face is masked from awareness. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine whether the amygdala responds differentially to threatening(More)
OBJECTIVE Functional connectivity maps the distributed network of brain regions fluctuating synchronously during a continuous brain state. This study sought to investigate whether patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) differ from controls in their resting-state functional connectivity between typical language regions. METHODS We studied 17(More)