Learn More
A simple method is described for the in vitro detection of substances that impair the motility of third-stage larvae of gastro-intestinal nematodes. The test is based on the ability of larvae to freely migrate through selected mesh sizes of nylon sieves and the reduced ability of larvae to migrate after preincubation with, and in the presence of, substances(More)
Resistance to a lethal challenge with Theileria parva (Muguga) was transferred between two pairs of chimeric bovine co-twins with 5 to 9 X 10(10) syngeneic thoracic duct leucocytes from the immunised partner. In one recipient, the infection became established and was eliminated. In the second recipient, the disease did not become patent. Both recipients(More)
SummaryGenetic resistance to gastrointestinal worms is a complex trait of great importance in both livestock and humans. In order to gain insights into the genetic architecture of this trait, a mixed breed population of sheep was artificially infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis (n=3326) and then Haemonchus contortus (n=2669) to measure faecal worm(More)
Immune-mediated scouring due to ingested parasite larvae is a major concern for sheep producers in Mediterranean climates. We investigated immune-mediated scouring in parasite-resistant Merino sheep in Australia. Forty-adult, parasite-resistant Merino rams were judged to be either susceptible or non-susceptible to immune-mediated scouring on the basis of(More)
Two experiments were conducted to elucidate the timing and nature of the sheep immune response to Haemonchus contortus (Barber's pole worm). The first experiment examined the establishment of H. contortus populations and the immune response by comparing a bolus infection of third-stage larvae in naïve sheep with a group previously primed by a trickle(More)
Host responses and the rejection of worms were measured at intervals following challenge of immune and susceptible sheep with T. colubriformis infective larvae. Immune sheep rejected most of their larvae within the first day after infection. This early rejection was associated with local appearance of globule leucocytes and increased concentration of T.(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the flea diversity on urban dogs and cats in Australia in 2009-2010. A total of 2530 fleas were recovered from 291 animals (151 dogs, 69 cats and 71 uncategorised dogs or cats) from veterinary clinics across five states of Australia. The majority of specimens were from coastal areas. The cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis(More)
The relationship between the cultural and biochemical characteristics of 22 strains of Bacteroides nodosus and their virulence for sheep was examined. Virulent, intermediate and benign strains were recognised. Although there was some relationship between virulence and colony morphology on hoof medium with 4% agar, colonies of one virulent and 4 intermediate(More)
The genetic relationship amongst Tritrichomonas foetus isolated from domestic cats and cattle was investigated by DNA sequencing of the internal transcribed region of the ribosomal DNA unit and the TR7/TR8 variable-length repeat. The results reject the hypothesis that T. foetus from domestic cats is genetically identical to T. foetus in cattle. We suggest(More)
Interleukin (IL)-5 is produced by variety of cell types and contributes to both lymphocyte development an eosinophil terminal differentiation in vitro. The coincidence of worm expulsion and eosinophilia in sheep infected with the gastrointestinal nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis suggest that eosinophils may be involved as effector cells in host(More)