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Quantitative information on the uptake and distribution of Al at the cellular level is required to understand mechanisms of Al toxicity, but direct measurement of uptake across the plasma membrane has remained elusive. We measured rates of Al transport across membranes in single cells of Chara corallina using the rare (26)Al isotope, an emerging technology(More)
The rate of in vivo degradation was determined for a naturally occurring biomaterial derived from the extracellular matrix of the small intestinal submucosa (SIS). The SIS was labeled by giving weekly intravenous injections of 10 microCi of 14C-proline to piglets from 3 weeks of age until the time of sacrifice at 26 weeks. The resultant SIS prepared from(More)
Aluminium hydroxide (AH) and aluminium phosphate (AP) adjuvants, labelled with 26Al, were injected intramuscularly (i.m.) in New Zealand White rabbits. Blood and urine samples were collected for 28 days and analysed for 26Al using accelerator mass spectrometry to determine the absorption and elimination of AH and AP adjuvants. 26Al was present in the first(More)
Cosmogenic 10 Be exposure ages from moraines in the Wallowa Mountains, Oregon, identify two maximal late Pleistocene glaciations at 21.1 ؎ 0.4 ka and 17.0 ؎ 0.3 ka and a minor glacial event at 10.2 ؎ 0.6 ka. Our new high-resolution chronology, integrated with other well-dated glacial records from the western United States, demonstrates substantial(More)
Macaques are a particularly valuable nonhuman primate model for a wide variety of biomedical research endeavors. B virus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1; BV) is an alpha-herpesvirus that naturally infects conventional populations of macaques. Serious disease due to BV is rare in macaques, but when transmitted to humans, BV has a propensity to invade the(More)
The objectives of our study were to estimate the percentage of aluminum (Al) that enters the brain, the half-life of brain Al, and the ability of an Al chelator to reduce brain Al. Rats received an iv infusion of Al transferrin, the primary Al species in plasma, or Al citrate, the predominant small molecular weight Al species in plasma. The infusion(More)
The objectives were to estimate aluminum (Al) oral bioavailability under conditions that model its consumption in drinking water, and to test the hypotheses that stomach contents and co-administration of the major components of hard water affect Al absorption. Rats received intragastric 26Al in the absence and presence of food in the stomach and with or(More)
Because of the lack of a suitable isotope and a sensitive technique of analysis, aluminum has been studied indirectly using analogs such as 67Ga (t1/2 = 78 hr). Recently, with the development of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), it has become possible to use the artificially produced radionuclide of aluminum, aluminum 26 (26AI), (t1/2 = 7.16 x 10(5)(More)
Aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH), the active ingredient in many antiperspirants, was labeled with the radioisotope 26Al. The labeled ACH was then fractionated into about 100 samples using gel filtration chromatography. Each fraction was analyzed for 26Al and total aluminium content. Aluminium-26 was only detected in the fractions that also contained aluminium,(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this 3-way crossover study was to identify the effective dose of soy protein isolate enriched with isoflavones for suppressing bone resorption in postmenopausal women using a novel, rapid assessment of antibone resorbing treatments. METHODS Thirteen postmenopausal women (>or=6 yr since menopause) were predosed with 41Ca iv.(More)