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The dopaminergic mechanisms that control reward-motivated behavior are the subject of intense study, but it is yet unclear how, in humans, neural activity in mesolimbic reward-circuitry and its functional neuroimaging correlates are related to dopamine release. To address this question, we obtained functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures of(More)
Evidence from animal studies suggests that the social attraction and bonding effects of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) are mediated by its modulation of dopamine (DA) release in brain reward centers, but this has not yet been demonstrated in humans. DA release can be measured by positron emission tomography (PET) using the radioligand [11C]raclopride. Its(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was aimed at the examination of the acute and cumulative impact of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) on architecture and quality of sleep, on circadian rhythm and on daytime fatigue. METHODS Time in bed for 16 healthy male volunteers was reduced from 8 to 5h during four consecutive nights, followed by two recovery nights. This scheme(More)
Sleep deprivation increases the levels of extracellular adenosine and A1 receptor (A1R)mRNA in the cholinergic zone of the basal forebrain, a region involved in sleep homeostasis. To evaluate homeostatic control mechanisms, we examined the sleep deprivation-induced changes in the A1R density in rodent brain using [H]CPFPX receptor autoradiography. We also(More)
It is currently hypothesized that adenosine is involved in the induction of sleep after prolonged wakefulness. This effect is partially reversed by the application of caffeine, which is a nonselective blocker of adenosine receptors. Here, we report that the most abundant and highly concentrated A1 subtype of cerebral adenosine receptors is upregulated after(More)
RATIONALE Current perspectives on the pathophysiology of schizophrenia direct attention to serotonergic (serotonin, 5-HT) dysregulation in the prodrome or at-risk mental state (ARMS). OBJECTIVE To study the cerebral 5-HT(2A) receptor (5-HT(2A)R) in the ARMS with [(18)F]altanserin positron emission tomography (PET) and a bolus-infusion paradigm. (More)
The primary objective of this study was to verify the suitability of reference tissue-based quantification methods of the metabotropic glutamate receptor type 5 (mGluR(5)) with [(11)C]ABP688. This study presents in vivo (Positron Emission Tomography (PET)) and in vitro (autoradiography) measurements of mGluR(5) densities in the same rats and evaluates both(More)
Adenosine, increasing after sleep deprivation and acting via the A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR), is likely a key factor in the homeostatic control of sleep. This study examines the impact of sleep deprivation on A(1)AR density in different parts of the rat brain with [(3)H]CPFPX autoradiography. Binding of [(3)H]CPFPX was significantly increased in(More)
PURPOSE The goal of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility of cerebral A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR) quantification using [18F]CPFPX and PET in a test-retest design. METHODS Eleven healthy volunteers were studied twice. Eight brain regions ranging from high to low receptor binding were examined. [18F]CPFPX was injected as a bolus with(More)
PURPOSE To study cerebral adenosine receptors (AR) in premanifest and manifest stages of Huntington's disease (HD). METHODS We quantified the cerebral binding potential (BP ND) of the A₁AR in carriers of the HD CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion using the radioligand [(18) F]CPFPX and PET. Four groups were investigated: (i) premanifest individuals far(More)