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The dopaminergic mechanisms that control reward-motivated behavior are the subject of intense study, but it is yet unclear how, in humans, neural activity in mesolimbic reward-circuitry and its functional neuroimaging correlates are related to dopamine release. To address this question, we obtained functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures of(More)
Evidence from animal studies suggests that the social attraction and bonding effects of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) are mediated by its modulation of dopamine (DA) release in brain reward centers, but this has not yet been demonstrated in humans. DA release can be measured by positron emission tomography (PET) using the radioligand [11C]raclopride. Its(More)
Sleep deprivation increases the levels of extracellular adenosine and A1 receptor (A1R)mRNA in the cholinergic zone of the basal forebrain, a region involved in sleep homeostasis. To evaluate homeostatic control mechanisms, we examined the sleep deprivation-induced changes in the A1R density in rodent brain using [H]CPFPX receptor autoradiography. We also(More)
[(18)F]CPFPX was proposed as a novel ligand for in vivo quantification of cerebral A(1) adenosine receptors (A(1)AR) using positron emission tomography (PET). The present study investigates the applicability of non-invasive non-compartment analyses to quantify the [(18)F]CPFPX total distribution volume (DV(') (t)) without arterial blood sampling. Five(More)
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility of cerebral A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR) quantification using [18F]CPFPX and PET in a test–retest design. Eleven healthy volunteers were studied twice. Eight brain regions ranging from high to low receptor binding were examined. [18F]CPFPX was injected as a bolus with subsequent infusion over(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging of cerebral A(1) adenosine receptors (A(1)AR) with positron emission tomography (PET) has recently become available for neurological research. To date, it has still not been unraveled if there is a valid reference region without specific radioligand binding that may be used to improve image quantification. We conducted in vivo(More)
The A1 adenosine receptor positron emission tomography (PET) ligand 8-cyclopentyl-3-(3-[18F]fluoropropyl)-1-propylxanthine ([18F]CPFPX, ) undergoes a fast hepatic metabolism. An optimal design of PET quantitation approaches (e.g., bolus/infusion studies) necessitates the knowledge of factors that influence this metabolism. Metabolites of were separated by(More)
UNLABELLED 8-cyclopentyl-3-(3-18F-fluoropropyl)-1-propylxanthine (18F-CPFPX) is a novel PET ligand for in vivo quantification of cerebral A1 adenosine receptors. The present study investigated the applicability of voxelwise graphical analysis to the generation of parametric images of the total volume of distribution (DVt) of 18F-CPFPX as a prerequisite for(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was aimed at the examination of the acute and cumulative impact of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) on architecture and quality of sleep, on circadian rhythm and on daytime fatigue. METHODS Time in bed for 16 healthy male volunteers was reduced from 8 to 5h during four consecutive nights, followed by two recovery nights. This scheme(More)
Modeling short-term psychotic states with subanaesthetic doses of ketamine provides substantial experimental evidence in support of the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. Ketamine exerts its pharmacological effects both directly via interactions with glutamate receptors and indirectly by stimulating presynaptic release of endogenous serotonin (5-HT).(More)