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Vosaroxin (formerly voreloxin) is a first-in-class anticancer quinolone derivative that intercalates DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, inducing site-selective double-strand breaks (DSB), G2 arrest and apoptosis. Objective responses and complete remissions were observed in phase 2 studies of vosaroxin in patients with solid and hematologic malignancies, and… (More)
BACKGROUND Topoisomerase II is critical for DNA replication, transcription and chromosome segregation and is a well validated target of anti-neoplastic drugs including the anthracyclines and epipodophyllotoxins. However, these drugs are limited by common tumor resistance mechanisms and side-effect profiles. Novel topoisomerase II-targeting agents may… (More)
PURPOSE The Aurora family of serine/threonine kinases (Aurora-A, Aurora-B, and Aurora-C) plays a key role in cells orderly progression through mitosis. Elevated expression levels of Aurora kinases have been detected in a high percentage of melanoma, colon, breast, ovarian, gastric, and pancreatic tumors. We characterized the biological and pharmacological… (More)
PURPOSE SNS-032 (formerly BMS-387032) is a potent, selective inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) 2, 7 and 9, currently in phase 1 clinical trial for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma (MM). We used the MM cell line RPMI-8226 to evaluate the relationship between duration of SNS-032 exposure, target modulation of CDKs 2, 7 and 9,… (More)
We have used the Eos Hu03 GeneChip array, which represents over 92% of the transcribed human genome, to measure gene expression in a panel of normal and diseased human tissues. This analysis revealed that E-selectin mRNA is selectively overexpressed in prostate cancer epithelium, a finding that correlated strongly with E-selectin protein expression as… (More)
The identification of a selective CDK2, 7, 9 inhibitor 4 with improved permeability is described. Compound 4 exhibits comparable CDK selectivity profile to SNS-032, but shows improved permeability and higher bioavailability in mice.
Modifications of the isonipecotic acid fragment of SNS-032 results in analogs which are more permeable and lower effluxed than SNS-032. The enantiomerically pure synthesis and the in vivo profile of analog 20 is described.