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Taipoxin (taipan toxin), purified from the venom of the Australian taipan (Oxyuranus s. scutellatus) by gel filtration on Sephadex G-75 followed by column zone electrophoresis, is the most lethal neurotoxin yet isolated from any snake venom. The LD50 is 2 mug/kg in the mouse. The main physiological effect is a gradual reduction to complete stop of evoked(More)
The three-dimensional structures of the class II anticoagulant phospholipase A2 (PLA2) toxin RVV-VD from the venom of Russell's viper, Vipera russelli russelli, and the class I neurotoxic PLA2 Notechis II-5 from the, Australian tiger snake, Notechis scutatus scutatus, were determined to 2.2 A and 3.0 A resolution, respectively. Both enzymes are monomeric(More)
The two principal isoinhibitors P-5 and P-6 isolated earlier from the seeds of chick peas (Cicer arietinum L.) by a procedure involving biospecific affinity chromatography on active, matrix-bound trypsin are shown to be the virgin and trypsin-modified forms of the same inhibitor. The virgin inhibitor P-5 consists of a single peptide chain of 66 amino acid(More)
Treatment of taipoxin with p-bromophenacyl bromide resulted in modification of single histidine residues in the alpha and beta subunits. The modification decreased the neurotoxicity (lethality) 350-fold, but the inhibitory action on high-affinity choline transport was reduced only threefold. The phospholipase activity and Ca2+-association constants for(More)