David E Woodrum

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Retinopathy of prematurity is a retinal vascular disease that occurs only in premature infants. Because of concern that the occurrence of this potentially blinding disease is increasing, a retrospective chart review was undertaken to compare the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity at the University of Washington during the years 1981 to 1984 with(More)
The objectives were to evaluate the time course for atenolol pharmacokinetics in lactating women postpartum and to quantify atenolol plasma concentrations in the women's 3- to 4-month-old nursing infants. Data were collected during 1 dosing interval from lactating women treated with atenolol for therapeutic reasons, at 2 to 4 weeks (n = 32), 3 to 4 months(More)
Piglets at 3, 14, and 30 days of age were studied to assess the postnatal changes in lung, chestwall, and total respiratory system compliance associated with normal growth. Static deflation compliance of the lung and total respiratory system increased significantly with age; there was no change in chestwall compliance. When normalized for body weight or(More)
The effects of 24 h of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) applied to premature primates with hyaline membrane disease (HMD) were assessed by serial gas exchange and in vivo lung distensibility measurements, and by postmortem lung phospholipid analysis. Results in 7 animals with HMD treated with HFOV were compared with those in 6 animals with HMD(More)
Minute ventilation (VE), arterial blood gases, diaphragmatic electromyogram (EMG) activity, centroid frequency (Fc) and peak inspiratory airway pressures (Paw) were measured in five unanesthetized tracheostomized infant monkeys during various intensities of inspiratory resistive loaded breathing (IRL) until either 1) ventilatory failure occurred (failed(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively determine opinions of members of a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) team regarding the appropriateness of aggressive care. The types of support that caregivers sought to limit and their reasons for wanting these limits were collected over time. DESIGN Prospective survey of caregiver opinions. SETTING PICU in an academic(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) causes an impairment of diaphragmatic pressure generation (Pdi) in 2-wk-old piglets, whereas 4-wk-old piglets are unaffected. In this study, we examined the effect on 4-wk-old piglets of a higher dose of GBS than previously utilized. We sought to determine whether an eicosanoid product of arachidonic acid metabolism accounted for(More)
OBJECTIVE Zinc protoporphyrin/heme ratio (ZnPP/H) has been well established as an indicator of functional iron deficiency in subjects 6 months of age to adult. The primary objective of this study was to establish normative values for ZnPP/H in NICU patients and secondarily to explore the utility of this test as an indicator of iron deficiency in neonates.(More)
The combined effects of inspiratory resistive loaded breathing (IRL) and hypoxemia on transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) in nine 1-mo-old Yorkshire piglets were studied. IRL was adjusted to increase spontaneously generated Pdi five to six times above baseline but maintain arterial PCO2 < 70 Torr to prevent hypercapnic depression of diaphragmatic(More)