David E. Sternberg

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To assess whether lithium carbonate augments antidepressant effects of long-term antidepressant treatment in non-responding patients, 15 treatment-refractory patients were studied using a placebo-controlled, double-blind design. After at least 21 days of antidepressant drug therapy, and while continuing to receive the same daily dose of antidepressant drug,(More)
Administration of three oral doses of yohimbine (10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg) to eight healthy subjects resulted in significant increases in plasma free 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MHPG). The 15 mg and 20 mg yohimbine doses induced modest increases in systolic blood pressure and autonomic symptoms such as piloerection and rhinorrhea. Marked behavioral(More)
Clonidine hydrochloride and naltrexone hydrochloride, given in combination, were found to provide a safe, effective, and extremely rapid treatment of abrupt withdrawal from methadone hydrochloride therapy. Under controlled inpatient conditions established to assess dosage guidelines and to examine specific signs and symptoms of withdrawal, ten (91%) of 11(More)
In order to assess the effects of increased central nervous system serotonergic function in humans on prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and mood, intravenous L-tryptophan (TRP) was administered to ten healthy subjects. The TRP infusion induced robust increases in PRL in all ten subjects. A significant increase in GH concentration was also observed,(More)
There is considerable evidence that serotonergic function may be reduced in the brains of depressed patients. Serotonin is an effective stimulant of prolactin release, and intravenous (IV) tryptophan (the amino acid precursor of serotonin), when administered to healthy subjects, produces a reliable and robust increase in serum prolactin level. To evaluate(More)
Concentrations of norepinephrine in cerebrospinal fluid are higher in schizophrenic patients, particularly in those with paranoid features, than in normal volunteer subjects of the same age. This observation supports recent reports of elevated concentrations of norepinephrine in specific brain areas adjacent to the cerebral ventricles of paranoid(More)
Recent studies have found elevated levels of norepinephrine (NE) in CSF and brain specimens from schizophrenic patients. Presynaptic inhibitory alpha 2-adrenergic receptors regulate NE release in the brain. The hypothesis that the functional sensitivity of this presynaptic regulation of NE is impaired in schizophrenia was tested by evaluating, in(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the memory deficit in depression, short-term memory and long-term memory were examined by means of a memory test battery in 26 hospitalized depressed patients. Their performance was compared with a matched control group and with the performance of those 20 patients who improved after 26 days of treatment with antidepressants.(More)
The presence of causative, exacerbating, or coexisting medical illness is often missed by both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric physicians. Reasons for these misdiagnoses are examined, and it is suggested that the evaluation of psychiatric patients should include a detailed physical examination, thorough medical and psychiatric history, including the use of(More)
Clonidine hydrochloride was found to be effective in the treatment of methadone hydrochloride withdrawal. Under controlled inpatient conditions established to assess dosage guidelines and to examine specific signs and symptoms of withdrawal, 20 of 25 (80%) patients were able to withdraw completely from methadone by the end of a two-week period. In most(More)