David E Sesser

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BACKGROUND The effect of perchlorate in drinking water on neonatal blood thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotropin; TSH) levels was examined for Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada. METHODS The neonatal blood TSH levels in Las Vegas (with up to 15 microg/L (ppb) perchlorate in drinking water) and in Reno (with no perchlorate detected in the drinking water) from(More)
Environmental contamination of drinking water has been observed for perchlorate, a chemical able to affect thyroid function. This study examines whether that exposure affected the thyroid function of newborns. Neonatal blood thyroxine (T4) levels for days 1 to 4 of life were compared for newborns from the city of Las Vegas, Nevada, which has perchlorate in(More)
To determine the benefit of collecting two routine specimens to test for congenital hypothyroidism, we examined the results of our newborn screening program during the last 9.5 years. The Northwest Regional Screening Program (NWRSP) performs a primary thyroxine test with thyroid-stimulating hormone determinations on the lowest 10% of dried blood filter(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the optimal initial treatment dose of L-thyroxine in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) by evaluating the time course of rise of thyroxine (T(4)) and free T(4) concentrations into an established "target range" and normalization of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and to reevaluate the "target range" for T(4) and free T(4) concentrations(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the type and frequency of thyroid disorders detected in infants with low thyroxine (T4) and nonelevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) screening test results in the Northwest Regional Newborn Screening Program (NWRNSP) over the 20-year period from May 1975 to May 1995 and to determine the effect of follow-up of these infants on(More)
Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD) is a fatty acid oxidation disorder with widely varying presentations that has presented a significant challenge to newborn screening (NBS). The Western States Regional Genetics Services Collaborative developed a workgroup to study infants with NBS positive for VLCADD. We performed retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the type and incidence of hyperthyroxinemic disorders detected by follow-up of infants with elevated screening total T4 (TT4) values. STUDY DESIGN Infants born in Oregon with a screening TT4 measurement >3 SD above the mean were offered enrollment. Serum TT4, free T4, total T3, free T3, and thyroid-stimulating hormone concentrations(More)
PURPOSE To achieve clinical validation of cutoff values for newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry through a worldwide collaborative effort. METHODS Cumulative percentiles of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots of approximately 25–30 million normal newborns and 10,742 deidentified true positive cases are compared to assign clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To use genotype analysis to determine the prevalence of the c.1436C→T sequence variant in carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) among Alaskan infants, and evaluate the sensitivity of newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) to identify homozygous infants. STUDY DESIGN We compared MS/MS and DNA analyses of 2409 newborn blood(More)
We examined the results of the Northwest Regional Screening Program (NWRSP) over its first 10 years to determine whether the detection of hypopituitary hypothyroidism is a justified advantage of the primary thyroxine (T4)-supplemental thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) screening strategy, and to determine whether all such infants will be detected by this(More)