David E. Orosz

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Uncoupling protein mediates electrophoretic transport of protons and anions across the inner membrane of brown adipose tissue mitochondria. The mechanism and site of proton transport, the mechanism by which fatty acids activate proton transport, and the relationship between fatty acids and anion transport are unknown. We used fluorescent probes to measure(More)
Epithelial cell lines from the proximal tubule of SHR and WKY rats were generated by microdissection, cell growth on 3T3 cell feeder layers, and transduction of the SV40 large T-antigen gene. The cell lines that formed confluent, electrically-resistive monolayers (basal conductance 1 to 20 mS/cm2) were selected for further study. Of these, cell lines(More)
Small mammals, including human infants, rely on nonshivering thermogenesis for a substantial portion of their body heat during exposure to cold. This thermogenesis is mediated in large part by the uncoupling protein, which is found exclusively within the inner membrane of brown adipose tissue mitochondria. The sole function of uncoupling protein is to(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells derive from stem cells at the base of the crypt and migrate along the crypt-lumen axis. Their life is terminated as they reach the luminal surface where they detach and are shed. Intestinal epithelial cells show evidence of apoptosis in the region of shedding, and cell death is thought to resemble a form of apoptosis called(More)
6-Methoxy-N-(3-sulfopropyl)-quinolinium (SPQ) is a fluorophore that is collisionally quenched by halide anions and is widely used to measure chloride ion transport across cellular and liposomal membranes. We report a new finding that SPQ fluorescence is also quenched by the zwitterionic hydrogen ion buffers introduced by Good et al. [(1966) Biochemistry 5,(More)
Human proximal tubule epithelial cell lines are potentially useful models to elucidate the complex cellular and molecular details of water and electrolyte homeostasis in the kidney. Samples of normal adult human kidney tissue were obtained from surgical specimens, and S1 segments of proximal convoluted tubules were microdissected, placed on collagen-coated(More)
The uncoupling protein generates heat by catalyzing electrophoretic proton transport across the inner membrane of brown adipose tissue mitochondria. It also transports Cl- and other monovalent anions, and both proton and anion transport are inhibited by purine nucleotides. Several long-standing hypotheses bear on specific aspects of Cl- transport, H+(More)
Recent reports indicate that alpha 1-Na,K-ATPase from Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats contains a glutamine for leucine substitution associated with increased Na-K coupling at unchanged maximal velocity. Genetic analyses suggest that alpha 1-Na,K-ATPase is a potential hypertension gene. Therefore, we investigated whether renal Na+ metabolism could constitute a(More)
The fluorescent anion indicator 6-methoxy-N-(3-sulfopropyl)quinolinium was trapped in proteoliposomes reconstituted with purified 32-kDa uncoupling protein and used to detect GDP-sensitive uniports of Cl-, Br-, and I-. Transport of these halide anions was rapid and potential-dependent. F- and nitrate were found to inhibit Cl- uptake competitively,(More)
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