David E. Morse

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Chronic nicotine administration has been reported to increase acoustic startle response (ASR) amplitude in rats, which has been offered as evidence that some dosages of nicotine can enhance attention. The present experiments examined effects of acutely administered nicotine on amplitude and pre-pulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle in rats. PPI, the(More)
PURPOSE On June 28, 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved dasatinib (Sprycel; Bristol-Myers Squibb), a new small-molecule inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases, for the treatment of adults with chronic phase, accelerated phase, or myeloid or lymphoid blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute(More)
PURPOSE To describe the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review and approval of sunitinib malate (Sutent). Sunitinib received regular approval for the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after disease progression or intolerance to imatinib mesylate (Gleevec). Additionally, sunitinib received accelerated approval for the treatment of(More)
PURPOSE This report describes the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review and approval of sorafenib (Nexavar, BAY43-9006), a new small-molecule, oral, multi-kinase inhibitor for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN After meeting with sponsors during development studies of sorafenib, the FDA(More)
On May 5, 2003, gefitinib (Iressa; ZD1839) 250-mg tablets (AstraZeneca Inc.) received accelerated approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration as monotherapy for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of both platinum-based and docetaxel chemotherapies. Information provided in this summary(More)
PURPOSE To discuss vorinostat approval for treatment of cutaneous manifestations of advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Data from 1 single-arm, open-label, multicenter pivotal trial and 11 other trials submitted to support the new drug application for vorinostat in the treatment of advanced primary CTCL were reviewed. The(More)
On January 26, 2006, sunitinib (Sutent) received regular approval as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor after disease progression on or intolerance to imatinib mesylate (Gleevec). Time-to-tumor progression (TTP) of sunitinib-treated patients was superior to that of placebo-treated patients. Median TTP of(More)
Purpose: Multiple myeloma is a malignant plasma cell disorder accounting for about 10% of hematological malignancies. Despite treatment advances, including hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation to facilitate administration of high-dose cytotoxic chemotherapy, the median survival remains approximately 3 years and long-term remissions are rare. Bortezomib(More)
Recent human and animal studies have found that cigarette smoking or nicotine administration is accompanied by decreased consumption of sweet-tasting, high caloric foods. Cessation of smoking or nicotine is accompanied by increased consumption of these foods. Changes in consumption of these specific foods may partially account for the inverse relationship(More)
The acoustic startle reflex was used to measure changes in sensorimotor reactivity in response to nicotine administration and cessation. Male rats received saline, 6 mg/kg/day or 12 mg/kg/day nicotine delivered subcutaneously by osmotic minipumps. The pumps delivered their contents during a 10-day period of implantation, after which time they were(More)