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The increasing concentration of CO(2) in the atmosphere is expected to lead to global changes in the physical environment of terrestrial organisms. We are beginning to understand how these changes are transmitted into pervasive effects on the interactions between plants and their leaf-feeding insect herbivores. An elevated CO(2) atmosphere often stimulates(More)
Systemin is a wound-signaling peptide that mediates defenses of tomato plants against herbivorous insects. Perception of systemin by the membrane-bound receptor SR160 results in activation of MAPKs, synthesis of jasmonic acid (JA), and expression of defense genes. To test the function of MAPKs in the response to systemin, we used virus-induced gene(More)
Strains of Vibrio spp. isolated from roots of the estuarine grasses Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus produce the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The colorimetric Salkowski assay was used for initial screening of IAA production. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) was then employed to confirm and quantify IAA production. The(More)
Predicted increases in atmospheric CO(2) and global mean temperature may alter important plant-insect associations due to the direct effects of temperature on insect development and the indirect effects of elevated temperature and CO(2) enrichment on phytochemicals important for insect success. We investigated the effects of CO(2) and temperature on the(More)
The full-length, protein coding sequence for dehaloperoxidase was obtained using a reverse genetic approach and a cDNA library from marine worm Amphitrite ornata. The crystal structure of the dehaloperoxidase (DHP) was determined by the multiple isomorphous replacement method and was refined at 1.8-A resolution. The enzyme fold is that of the globin family(More)
Transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants that overexpress the Prosystemin gene (35S::PS) and plants with a mutation in the JA biosynthetic pathway (def1) are known to exhibit a constitutive or reduced wound response, respectively. Here it is demonstrated that several independent 35S::PS lines emit high levels of specific volatiles in addition to(More)
Seedlings of loblolly pine Pinus taeda (L.), were grown in open-topped field chambers under three CO2 regimes: ambient, 150 μl l-1 CO2 above ambient, and 300 μl l-1 CO2 above ambient. A fourth, non-chambered ambient treatment was included to assess chamber effects. Needles were used in 96 h feeding trials to determine the performance of young, second instar(More)
Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to increase plant productivity, but little evidence is available regarding effects on insect feeding or growth. Larvae of the soybean looper, a noctuid moth, were fed leaves of soybean plants grown under three carbon dioxide regimes (350, 500 and 650 μl·l-1). Larvae fed at increasingly higher rates(More)
Induced volatile terpenes have been commonly reported among diverse agricultural plant species, but less commonly investigated in odorous plant species. Odorous plants synthesize and constitutively store relatively large amounts of volatiles, and these may play a role in defense against herbivores. We examined the effect of herbivory and methyl jasmonate(More)