David E. Kissel

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Research on nitrogen (N) mineralization from organic residues is important to understand N cycling in soils. Here we review research on factors controlling net N mineralization as well as research on laboratory and field modeling efforts, with the objective of highlighting areas with opportunities for additional research. Among the factors controlling net N(More)
The normally alkaline pH of poultry litter limits the solubility of P forms, especially the inorganic ones. Poultry litter acidification after field applications could result in increased P solubilization, so the use of water-soluble P (WSP) concentrations measured at the original litter pH might lead to an underestimation of the risk of P contamination of(More)
An understanding of nitrogen mineralization from residues and soil organic matter is important to understand the quantity of N available from the soil for crop production. The objective of this study was to determine effects of repeated wetting and drying of soils on rates of N mineralization. The study compared mineralization rates in three kaolinitic, low(More)
The surface soil clay concentration is a useful soil property to map soils, interpret soil properties, and guide irrigation, fertilizer, and agricultural chemical applications. The objective of this study was to determine whether surface soil clay concentrations could be predicted from remotely sensed imagery of bare surface soil or from soil electrical(More)
Research on corn and winter wheat has shown that a critical N concentration in the grain exists above which a yield response to N fertilizer is unlikely. This indicator can be used for post-harvest evaluation of N sufficiency and for mapping N availability in the field, which may be helpful for making future N fertilizer decisions. The purpose of this study(More)
Addition of 10(-5) M amphotericin B to the tear solution of an in vitro preparation of the frog cornea increased the transepithelial conductance, gt, and decreased the apical membrane fractional resistance, f(R0), in the presence or absence of tear Na+ and Cl-. In the presence of tear Na+ and Cl-, amphotericin B increased the short-circuit current, Isc,(More)
1. In a pen study, NH(3) flux estimates were performed when clean wheat straw or wood shavings were used as bedding materials in combination with two NH(3) control amendments: sodium bisulphate and a commercial premix of phosphoric + hydrochloric + citric acids. 2. Ammonia emissions from wood shavings were 19% greater than from wheat straw around waterers,(More)
We studied the effect of five bedding materials (wood shavings, sawdust, peanut hulls, wheat straw and shredded paper) and PLTtrade mark (a commercial formulation of Na bisulfate) in factorial combinations, on NH(3) emissions from broiler manure. Treatments were incubated for 11 days at 25 degrees C and 98% relative humidity. Ammonia was trapped in 0.1N(More)
Calculations in nitrogen (N) balance research using15N involve several steps that require care to avoid errors. The objective of this paper is to provide examples of these calculations using established procedures and to present shortened alternative calculations that give the same result. The calculations examined include determination of the amount of N(More)
The N mineralized from soil organic matter provides an important portion of N available for crop production. The objective of this study was to determine the amount of spatial variability in N mineralization potential in a field and to evaluate three different methods that might be used to estimate this variability. The three methods tested included(More)