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The tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug sorafenib is used in the treatment of liver and renal cancers but adverse effects may necessitate dose interruption and under-dosage may lead to therapeutic failure. Sorafenib also undergoes cytochrome P450 (CYP)-dependent biotransformation to the N-oxide and other metabolites. However, although CYPs are major determinants(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) plays an essential role in lipid and glucose homeostasis. It is recognized as the receptor of the thiazolidinediones-a synthetic class of anti-diabetic drugs-and is the target of many drug discovery efforts because of its role in disease states, such as type II diabetes mellitus. In this study,(More)
We modelled the N-terminal ligand-binding domain of the rho1 GABA(C) receptor based on the Lymnaea stagnalis acetylcholine-binding protein (L-AChBP) crystal structure using comparative modelling and validated using flexible docking guided by known mutagenesis studies. A range of known rho1 GABA(C) receptor ligands comprising seven full agonists, 10 partial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Airway remodelling is a consequence of long-term inflammation and MAPKs are key signalling molecules that drive pro-inflammatory pathways. The endogenous MAPK deactivator--MAPK phosphatase 1 (MKP-1)--is a critical negative regulator of the myriad pro-inflammatory pathways activated by MAPKs in the airway. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH(More)
Core peptide is a hydrophobic peptide, the sequence of which is derived from the T-cell antigen receptor alpha-chain transmembrane region. Previous studies have shown that core peptide can inhibit T-cell-mediated immune responses both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we report the role each constituent amino acid plays within core peptide using an alanine scan(More)
Aurora kinase inhibitors are new mitosis-targeting drugs currently in clinical trials for the treatment of haematological and solid malignancies. However, knowledge of the molecular factors that influence sensitivity and resistance remains limited. Herein, we developed and characterised an in vitro leukaemia model of resistance to the Aurora B inhibitor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Imatinib is a clinically important inhibitor of tyrosine kinases that are dysregulated in chronic myelogenous leukaemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumours. Inter-individual variation in imatinib pharmacokinetics is extensive, and influences drug safety and efficacy. Hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 has been implicated in imatinib(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogues based on 4-amino-cyclopent-1-enyl phosphinic acid ( 34- 42) and 3-aminocyclobutane phosphinic acids ( 51, 52, 56, 57) were investigated in order to obtain selective homomeric rho 1 GABA C receptor antagonists. The effect of the stereochemistry and phosphinic acid substituent of these compounds on potency and(More)
Filamenting temperature-sensitive mutant Z (FtsZ), an essential cell division protein in bacteria, has recently emerged as an important and exploitable antibacterial target. Cytokinesis in bacteria is regulated by the assembly dynamics of this protein, which is ubiquitously present in eubacteria. The perturbation of FtsZ assembly has been found to have a(More)
The effect of cholesterol removal by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin on the dipole potential, psi(d), of membrane vesicles composed of natural membrane lipids extracted from the kidney and brain of eight vertebrate species was investigated using the voltage-sensitive fluorescent probe di-8-ANEPPS. Cyclodextrin treatment reduced cholesterol levels by on average 80%(More)